Their responsibilities included formulating and passing new laws, voting on various decrees and treaties, and electing magistrates who would be responsible for carrying out the legal procedures. In Greece, the city-states were ruled first by local kings or chiefs and then by ruling families while local assemblies were cr… The word “democracy” comes from two Greek words that mean people (demos) and rule (kratos). Only male members of the society were bestowed with the honor of being Greek citizens. … At the other extreme lied the system known as ‘oligarchy’, under which the power equation rested in the hands of a few prominent social members, who in turn framed the laws and governed the people.One single factor that was common to all these systems was that the common people were nowhere taken into consideration. It was still in its rudimentary form, considering the fact that it was still being instilled in the social structure. It was an experiment. Democracy is the idea that the citizens of a country should take an active role in the government of their country and manage it directly or through elected representatives. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Democracy is from the Greek: demos means more or less "the people," cracy derives from kratos which means "strength or rule," so democracy = rule by the people.