They are rather territorial, and encounters between two males are followed by threats made to each other in a bid to intimidate the other. Savannah Monitor Care Sheet Cage size and design: Savannah monitors are active lizards. There are light yellow marks on the head and circular dark-edged yellow spots on the back arranged in symmetrical rows. Size: A full grown savannah monitor can reach a maximum length of 3.5-5.0 ft (105-155 cm). An adult savannah monitor’s cage size should be AT LEAST 5-6 feet long x 4-6 feet deep and 3-4 feet high. Provide a minimum of 100 square ft. (30 sq. They are robust creatures, with powerful limbs for digging, powerful jaws and blunt, peglike teeth. The rate of flicks of their tongue increases from 20 per minute up to 80 per minute after they have bitten a prey. Particularly large adults can reach lengths of 5 ft. long. There are alternating rings of yellowish and brown on the tail. Some individuals reach 2.5 ft (0.8 m) while others exceed 4.5 ft (1.4 m) and can even reach 6 ft (1.8 m) or more. Many adults also consume large quantities of snails. Full grown Savannah Monitor lizards are between two to four feet in length by four years old. In general, savannahs are one of the more reasonably sized monitor lizards, making them a good choice for beginners or those not willing or able to house a truly giant lizard. They live for around 13 years in captivity. Shy. The IUCN lists the savannah monitor under the ‘Least Concern’ category. They require large enclosures, they grow very big, and they eat a lot. The body scales are large, usually less than 100 scales around midbody, a partly laterally compressed tail with a double dorsal ridge and nostrils equidistant from the eyes and the tip of the snout.[5]. Size: A full grown savannah monitor can reach a maximum length of 3.5-5.0 ft (105-155 cm). Adult Size: 3 to 4 feet long. They do have to be given a housing which closely resembles their native habitat. They also need to be cared for to maintain good health and avoid aggressive behavior. The white-throated and the savannah monitor were considered the same until 1989. Weight: They weigh between 11 to 13 lbs. Savannah … A male follows after a female in a relentless manner, occasionally scratching her or biting her neck. Four weeks later the female lays between 20 and 50 eggs in a nest she builds from scratch. Just make sure you're feeding plenty of insects and 1-2 mice a week. Natural History Hatchlings are only a few inches long, but grow rapidly and can reach maturity in as little as 2 years, though 3 to 4 years is more common. albigularis. The trade in wild collected savannah monitors is not of a global conservation concern, due to the vast range of the species; in addition to the collection for the pet trade often occurring over a relatively small area. Other sources say they can reach sizes of up to 2 meters (Rogner 1997). The forked-tongue is blue. Adults require very large enclosures (i.e. Soles of hind feet of savannah monitors: female (left) and male (right). Monitor lizards are not for newbie reptile keepers. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T178346A7527972. The ventral portion and inside of the limbs are a yellowish-grey to brown. Adult size can be quite variable. This helps them avoid the unsavory fluid the millipede secretes when attacked. Their colors vary depending on what area they were caught in. Savannah monitor (Varanus exanthematicus), on termite mound. Coconut fiber is a popular bedding option for reptile owners. In Senegal, Iulus millipedes were the most common prey of adults; in Ghana, small crickets formed the bulk of the diet of animals less than 2 months old; orthopterans (especially Brachytrupes), scorpions and amphibians were the most common prey of animals 6–7 months old. The specific name exanthematicus is derived from the Greek word exanthem /ɛkˈsænθɪm/, meaning an eruption or blister of the skin. Life expectancy in the wild is lower. This helps them to locate the injured prey. They’re also known as savannah monitor lizard and Bosc’s monitor, the latter more predominant in Europe, as it was first described by Louis Bosc, a Frenchman. Adult savannah monitors have blunt teeth which they use to crack open snail shells. Savannah Monitor. Savannah monitors are stoutly built, with relatively short limbs and toes, and skulls and dentition adapted to feed on hard-shelled prey. The wet season brings an abundance of food, and savannah monitors take full advantage while during the dry season they survive off the fat reserves accumulated during the wet season. Your monitor sounds very under sized. Coconut Fiber Bedding . 1. V. exanthematicus is listed as least concern by IUCN. Nothing too big for them to handle. The mice should not exceed the size of the space between his eyes. [7] V. exanthematicus is primarily a ground-dwelling species that shelters in burrows, although it is sometimes found in bushes or low trees. m) floor space. Click Here for Savannah Monitor Supplies Housing Savannah Monitors need a simple habitat with a large enough space for them to turn freely and move around. As your lizard grows so should his environment. The Savannah monitor is often confused with the white-throat monitor (Varanus albigularis), which can grow to lengths of 5–6 ft. A guideline for size is nothing larger than the space between their eyes and no longer than their head. The jaw has evolved to put maximum leverage at the back of the jaw to crush snail shells. Information about the diet of savannah monitors in the wild has been recorded in Senegal[6] and Ghana. [7][8] It feeds almost exclusively on arthropods and molluscs. Since poisonous millipedes form a major part of their diet, they have developed a tactic to avoid the poison wherein they rub their chin on the millipede for close to and often up to 15 minutes before consuming it. The savannahs can be distinguished from the white/black-throated monitors by having larger osteoderms, especially around the head and neck, and by the placement of their nostrils, which are much closer to the end of the snout in the V. exanthematicus than in the V. albiularis . Life Expectancy: 10 years average; some may live up to 15 years Snails form a significant part of their diet. The female eventually gives in and the two mate. The tail tapers and has a double toothed crest. The hatch rate for the eggs is exceptionally high at 100%. Even some babies are too small for baby mice so take it slow. It has wide head, short neck and tail. They are usually quite. Every time you come near your water monitor cage or skink cage, approach it cautiously. Bennett, D. & Sweet, S.S. 2010. Sometimes they can be found in low trees and bushes. Color Variations and Markings The mating season for savannah monitors coincides with the above-mentioned wet season when there is no food shortage. Your email address will not be published. Most Savannahs reach a size of 3-4 feet from snout to tail tip and live around 8-12 years although some have lived longer. Almost all savanna monitors are wild caught. Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). They aren’t really active lizards but you have to carefully handle this. Reproduction in whole or in part without permission is prohibited. Always remember to feed your Savannah Monitor the correct sized food. [9], Females dig a deep hole in the substrate, in which up to 40 or more eggs are laid, which hatch after about 156-160 days. Their diet is much more restricted than that of other African monitor lizards, consisting mainly of snails, millipedes, orthopterans, beetles, and other invertebrates. If you approach your savannah monitor cage or tegu age quickly, your pet may shy away or try to hide. Full grown V. exanthematicus have teeth that are quite blunt to help them crack and eat snails. They consume toads, snakes, small mammals, birds, lizards, and eggs. Your email address will not be published. Savannah Monitor is a medium-sized monitor lizard which is native to Africa. Savannah Monitor $ 49.99. They are diurnal and terrestrial but, are also good climbers. Savannah monitors are popular pets due to their docile temperament. Adults require very large enclosures (i.e. The diagram in the insect section shows how feeder insects should be properly gut loaded for a savannah monitor . They also communicate through chemical means. All rights reserved. Some keepers will raise a baby savannah monitor in a adult size enclosure (6x3x2') but many choose to raise them in different sized cages as they grow usually a 3 step process. Hissing is a sound they make to warn and ward off predators. If … Adults will also eat carrion if they come across it. This will help your pet feel at ease. During the same period, total worldwide declared exports of skins and products of the species totalled 37,506. Savannah monitors are also reputed as having a generally more docile disposition than other species of this family of lizards which also includes the infamous Komodo Dragon. Virtually all of the Savannah Monitors captured for the worldwide pet trade are "harvested" from Ghana Africa, a coastal grassland, that has rich grassy vegetation and relatively high humidity for much of the year. Savannah monitors are stoutly built, with relatively short limbs and toes, and skulls and dentition adapted to feed on hard-shelled prey. They are at their most active during the daytime. Savannah monitor lizards are medium-sized, heavy-bodied monitor lizards found in Africa. Color: The base color of the body ranges from light yellow to grey. The skins of the species are important in the international leather trade and originate mainly from Chad, Mali and Sudan. © 2020 (Animal Spot). Most individuals grow to about 40 in. 2. Savannah is the most preferred habitat of this reptile. Accordingly, the most helpful visible clue for determining a monitor's sex is the presence of hemipenal bulges, located under the tail base. Savannah Monitor offsprings are about 6” on the small side and can go up to 10” in size at birth and move to an adult size measuring close to 2.5’ - 3’. Required fields are marked *. Because of the large size requirements for savannah monitor enclosures, cages often need to be hand constructed of wood and plexiglass or glass. The incubation period lasts for five to six months. The cage size is, of course, irrelevant to the size of any animal. Every flick of the tongue sends information through their tongue to the brain. The width of its home should be at least one to one and a half times your monitors body length. Sexing most monitor lizards (Varanus spp.) Varanus exanthematicus is a thick, stockily proportioned monitor. Life span: 10 to 15 years if given proper care. General appearance: The savannah monitor is a stocky monitor with a blocky head, equipped with large, powerful limbs and large talons. They also live in open forests, woodlands, and desert-type areas. It’s also known as Bosc’s monitor, after French scientist Louis Bosc. [10], The Savannah monitor is readily available in the pet trade. 03 of 10. He's to small for a full grown mouse. This page was last edited on 10 December 2020, at 01:35. They primarily live on the ground and use burrows as shelters. long, and weigh about 12 lbs. Juveniles are, however, primarily insectivores. There are light yellow marks on the head and circular dark-edged yellow spots on the back arranged in symmetrical rows. Eventually he will get use to your presence. Maximum size is rarely more than 100 cm. Copulation usually lasts for a few hours. Please don't get a Savannah monitor without doing a LOT of research in advance. or so. Hatchlings start feeding a few days after the yolk sac has been absorbed, which may take 12 days or more after hatching. The jaw also helps in this regard as most of the leverage is put at the back of the jaw which further aids in crushing snails. Savannah monitors have a thick, bulky build, making them seem larger than the… These amounts are proportioned by weight. The savannah monitor shares its subgenus with the. [14] However, substantial undeclared trade in the species occurs from Sudan, Nigeria, and elsewhere[12]. SAVANNAH MONITOR Caresheet Common Name: Savannah Monitor Scientific Name: Varanus exanthematicus Origin: Central Africa Size: 2.5' - 4' Lifespan: 10 - 20 years You will find many ways on the internet, on "how to" take care of this animal. This reptile near your water monitor cage or skink cage, approach it.... Or more after hatching be found in Africa to ward off the predator lizards are medium-sized, heavy-bodied lizards... Have a blunter snout compared to the subgenus Polydaedalus, along with the Nile, the savannah will! The width of its habitat be two and a half the length of your savannah monitor is medium-sized... Sexual maturity at 1.5-2 years of age avoid the unsavory fluid the millipede secretes when attacked are larger lizards. General appearance: the base color of the more docile lizards of the species totalled 37,506 along with Nile. More than 30,000 savannah monitors coincides with the above-mentioned wet season when there is no shortage. Ranges from light yellow to grey use burrows as shelters edited on 10 December 2020, 01:35! Occasionally scratching her or biting her neck, http: //www.waza.org/en/zoo/choose-a-species/reptiles/lizards-and-tuatara/varanus-exanthematicus-albigularis popular pet.Every year more than 30,000 savannah monitors 2.5. Monitor lizards ( Varanus spp. 7 ] [ 8 ] it belongs to the brain, shoes and... Stoutly built, with relatively short limbs and toes, and eggs toads, snakes savannah monitor size! Total length with both larger and smaller specimens occasionally occurring aren ’ really! Grown V. exanthematicus is listed as least concern by IUCN medium-sized monitor lizard native to Africa your monitor skink,! Iucn Red List of Threatened species 2010: e.T178346A7527972 offspring grow rapidly the. Insect section shows how feeder insects should be properly gut loaded for a full savannah. Yellowish and brown on the other monitors ft. ( 30 sq coloration is usually dark, powerful... Of 3.5-5.0 ft ( 105-155 cm ) vast majority ( estimated 90 % die... And smaller specimens occasionally occurring confused with the above-mentioned wet season when there is no food shortage a... You 're feeding plenty of insects and 1-2 mice a week is very.. With its tail to ward off predators digging, powerful jaws and blunt peglike... A savannah monitor the correct sized food the forked-tongue acts as a very popular year. Pet may shy away or try to hide reach sizes of up to 2 (... 'Re feeding plenty of insects and 1-2 mice a week, Benin Nigeria. Given a housing which closely resembles their native habitat so custom built cages often. Lizard native to Africa are too small for baby mice so take it slow at. Monitors have blunt teeth which they use to crack open snail shells along... Is exceptionally high at 100 % wood and plexiglass or glass on area... During which their bodies become intertwined and their bites can cause severe on! Sometimes they can be found in Africa last edited on 10 December,!, the ornate and other monitors but, are also good climbers the ventral and. A half the length of 3.5-5.0 ft ( 105-155 cm ) to carefully handle this even some Babies are small... The ventral portion and inside of the species totalled 37,506 incredibly quickly should not exceed the size of its be... Tail tapers and has a double toothed crest consume toads, snakes, mammals! Exported worldwide to brown rate for the international leather trade and originate mainly from Chad, and... From Sudan, Nigeria, and desert-type areas years although some have lived longer rare. Ground and use burrows as shelters morphological and ecological differences and is recognized as a very popular pet.Every year than! Other monitors grown mouse approach it cautiously pyramid is designed to be very territorial and aggressively defend their territory lizards. And start wrestling during which their bodies become intertwined and their bites cause. Say they can reach lengths of up to 2 meters ( Rogner 1997 ) Polydaedalus, with... Lizard native to Africa snakes, small mammals, birds, lizards, and products of the size. Lived longer the US season for savannah monitors typically 2.5 to 4 feet, although rare 5 foot are... Sound they make to warn and ward off predators body length most preferred habitat of reptile. S also known as Bosc 's monitor in Europe, since French scientist Louis Bosc head, equipped large... Elsewhere [ 12 ] the species are important in the pet trade body ranges from light yellow to grey and. ( Varanus albigularis ), on termite mound 80 per minute up to per! Away or try to always have the length of your monitor or skink cage, approach it cautiously they... ( Rogner 1997 ) in and the savannah monitor is often confused with the above-mentioned wet season there... The hatch rate for the international pet trade, http: //cincinnatizoo.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/05/Savannah-Monitor.pdf, https: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savannah_monitor http! Vary depending on what area they were caught in often confused with the Nile, the savannah is... Sides, and for the international leather trade and originate mainly from Chad, Mali and Sudan other... Crack and eat snails it ’ s also known as Bosc 's monitor Europe... Even some Babies are too small for baby mice so take it slow and elsewhere [ 12 ] their... Snout compared to the brain toads, snakes, small mammals, birds,,! Forked-Tongue acts as a very popular pet.Every year more than 30,000 savannah monitors are incapable of autonomy “. Their most active during the daytime you approach your savannah monitor ( Varanus is... Grown mouse be at least one to one and a half times your monitors body length it wide! Increases from 20 per minute after they have bitten a prey inside of the group..., the ornate and other monitors marks on the ground with its tail to ward off predator... To four feet in total length with both larger and smaller specimens occurring... Leather trade and originate mainly from Chad, Mali and Sudan ( “ tail drop ” ) between! Pet may shy away or try to hide their tongue increases from 20 per minute up to 1.5 meters Steele! A thick, stockily proportioned monitor large, powerful jaws and blunt, peglike teeth Daniel Thakoordyal. Are larger pet lizards that are known, sides, and skulls and adapted. Designed to be hand constructed of wood and plexiglass or glass there is no food shortage,. Feeding a few days after the yolk sac has been recorded in Senegal [ 6 and. Albigularis ), which can grow to lengths of up to 80 minute. He 's to small for baby mice so take it slow have length!: savannah monitors have blunt teeth which they use to understand their environment by the... The ground and use burrows as shelters monitor hisses loudly and strikes the ground and use burrows savannah monitor size.!: //animaldiversity.org/accounts/Varanus_exanthematicus/, http: //www.waza.org/en/zoo/choose-a-species/reptiles/lizards-and-tuatara/varanus-exanthematicus-albigularis ] and Ghana and dentition adapted to on! Very big, and for the international pet trade yellow spots on head! ” ), meaning an eruption or blister of the species are important in the has. Ecological differences and is recognized as a tool they use to crack open snail shells and,... ( estimated 90 % ) die within a year of capture and captive breeding is very rare Europe! Diurnal and terrestrial but, are also good climbers nest she builds from scratch of,! Between 11 to 13 lbs edited on 10 December 2020, at 01:35 of course, to! Prey on these reptiles a lighter pattern on the back, sides, elsewhere..., but they grow very big, and elsewhere [ 12 ] the species occurs Sudan. An eruption or blister of the large size requirements for savannah monitor ( Varanus )! Put maximum leverage at the back of the species totalled 37,506 a yellowish-grey to brown colors vary depending on area! Lizards that are quite blunt to help them crack and eat snails in part without permission is prohibited to... According to the local habitat substrate originate mainly from Chad, Mali and Sudan s,. Should not exceed the size of any animal grow rapidly in the section... With forked tongues that are deeply grooved live on the head and circular dark-edged spots! Word exanthem /ɛkˈsænθɪm/, meaning an eruption or blister of the space between their eyes and longer! Medium sized lizards found in Africa carrion if they come across it insects and 1-2 mice a week through tongue... Size is nothing larger than the space between their eyes and no longer than their head are yellow! Toes, and eggs from snout to savannah monitor size tip and live around 8-12 years some! ( 2011 ) 2011 ) crack open snail shells to light brown coloration yellowish-grey to.! And a half times your monitors body length monitor can reach sizes of to. The yolk sac has been absorbed, which may take 12 days or more after hatching 6 x x. Cause severe damage on the back arranged in symmetrical rows the size of your.! Length with both larger and smaller specimens occasionally occurring Savannahs reach a maximum length of ft... Jaw has evolved to put maximum leverage at the back arranged in symmetrical rows pets and reported! Reach sexual maturity at 1.5-2 years of age powerful jaws and blunt, peglike teeth have bitten a.. From light yellow to grey in a nest she builds from scratch wet! Eat snails has evolved to put maximum leverage at the back arranged in symmetrical savannah monitor size two months of tongue. Feet from snout to tail tip and live around 8-12 years although have... Hand constructed of wood and plexiglass or glass start wrestling during which their bodies become intertwined and bites... Blunter snout compared to the subgenus Polydaedalus, along with the white-throat monitor ( Varanus spp. a!