4. Leaves of Mentha viridis, Ocimum basilicum, Melissa officinalis etc. Scrophulariaceae: Characters, Distribution and Types, Comparison among Acanthaceae, Verbenaceae and Lamiaceae, Asteraceae: Characters, Distribution and Types. Most Canadensys participants have dedicated their … Epl., Pitcher Sage, a shrub to over 1m tall from California with white or pink flowers; Lycopus australis R. 2. Sepals 5, gamosepalous, bilabiate (1/4), posterior or upper lip broad and lower or anterior lip with small sepals; gland dotted, violet green, imbricate aestivation. The Lamiales previously had a restricted circumscription (e.g., by Arthur Cronquist) that included the major families Lamiaceae (Labiatae), Verbenaceae, and Boraginaceae, plus a few smaller families. upper lip of 3 lobes and lower of 2 lobes, persistent, hairy, and imbricate. 1.1- Overview The Lamiaceae or Labiatae (the mint or deadnettle family) are a family of flowering plants.They have traditionally been considered closely related to Verbenaceae, but in the 1990s, phylogenetic studies suggested that many genera classified in Verbenaceae belong instead in Lamiaceae. Liliaceae. In the classification system of Dahlgren the Lamiales were in the superorder Lamiiflorae (also called Lamianae). Gynoecium bicarpellary, syncarpous, axile placentation. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to share notes in Biology. There are about 350 species in the genus Thymus, all of which are Eurasian. Characters of Lamiaceae 2. Share Your Word File SYSTEMATIC POSITION DIVISION : Spermatophyta SUB-DIVISION : Phanerogams CLASS : Dicotyledons SUB-CLASS : Gameopetalae SERIES : Bicarpellate ORDER : Lamiales FAMILY : Lamiaceae The family Lamiaceae is populary known as the mint family Sepals 5, gamosepalous, bilabiate (Salvia, Thymus) campanulate (Teucrium), persistent, valvate or imbricate aestivation. Verticillaster, with three flowers in a dichasium on one side of the node. Catopheriodideae. Lamiaceae or Labiatae, also called as the mint family, is a family of flowering plants. discussion and conclusions Trichomes are among the most useful taxonomic characters in some genera of Lamiaceae. Sub-family 8. Sub-family 7. Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Family Lamiaceae. In this article we will discuss about the:- 1. An aromatic herb with beautiful variegated leaves. Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants. Privacy Policy3. The lower lip of the tube is longer than the upper lip. INTRODUCTION. The flowers are usually arranged in clusters and feature two-lipped, open-mouthed, tubular corollas (united petals) with five-lobed bell-like calyxes (united sepals). Learn all about marjoram, a close relative of oregano, in this video. Lamiales, mint order of flowering plants, including 24 families, 1,059 genera, and more than 23,800 species. … : (a) The horizontal position of the axis of the flower; (b) Division of the corolla into an upper and a lower lip; (c) Position of stamens and stigma below the upper lip which shelters them; (d) Position of the nectary at the base of the flower below the lower lip whose anterior part forms a platform for insects; and. Thymus or Origanum are pollinated by bees; Salvia, Lamium, Teucrium with still longer tubes are pollinated by bees as well as other longer tongued insects. Economic Importance 4. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Petals generally 5, gamopetalous and the five teeth are sub-equal and mostly bilabiate. This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. Prostentheroideae. Lamium purpureum, showing the bilaterally symmetrical flower Tetradenia riparia The Lamiaceae ( ) or Labiatae are a family of flowering plants commonly known as the mint or deadnettle or sage family. Many plants of this family are used in medicines. However, the evolutionary shift from xenogamy (ou… Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Family Lamiaceae. Classification Browse Images ... 20-25 mm long; tube 17-20 mm long, 3 mm wide at the mouth; lower lip 4-6 mm long. Smooth square stem & leaves without strong mint scent. Which part of the male reproductive system store the sperm? Bracteate, pedicellate, complete, hermaphrodite, zygomorphic, pentamerous and hypogynous. When a tadpole turns into a frog, its tail shrinks and is reabsorbed. short stem. The corolla possesses a tubular base which widens towards the mouth. Sub-family 7. R. Olmstead (pers. Tap, branched, rarely adventitious (Mentha). A perennial herb with strong aromatic smell. Woody undershrub with white pinkish flowers. Subfamily 2. 7. 220 genera and 4000 species, of cosmopolitan distribution that is particularly well represented in temperate, warm regions [1-6]. Bicarpellary, syncarpous, superior, quadrilocular, one ovule in each loculus, axile placentation; style gynobasic; stigma bifid, honey disc is present below the ovary. 265-270] Diversity: Worldwide: 200 genera; 3,000 species U.S.: 50 genera PNW (Hitchcock & Cronquist): 24 genera : Flower-- Vegetative Features-- Economic Importance-- Flower Images-- Web Sites: Flower; K (5) Co (5) S 2, 2+2 P (2) Sexuality: bisexual: … Their peculiar floral structure calls for intricate pollination mechanisms that reflect a long history of adaptive coevolution between plants and pollinators [7]. The Lamiaceae ( ) or Labiatae are a family of flowering plants commonly known as the mint or deadnettle or sage family. Lamiaceae constitute a large family, ca. Tree habit is found in the Brazilian genus Hyptis and climbing habit in American species of Scutellaria. The family is closely allied to Acanthaceae from which it can be distinguished by the following features: 4. Caryopteris alternifolia (Ajugoideae, Lamiaceae), a new species from eastern Guangdong, China, is described based on morphological and molecular phylogenetic data. The largest genus in the Lamiaceae is Salvia. La plupart des participants de Canadensys ont transféré leurs données au domaine public.. Engler, Hallier, Wettestein and Rendle placed the family in Tubiflorae. Omissions? Usually schizocarpic carcerulus or achenes or nutlets rarely drupaceous. The family is known for culinary herbs such as basil, mint, oregano, rosemary, sage and thyme. Synonyms: Chloanthaceae APNI* Description: Trees, shrubs or usually perennial or annual herbs, usually aromatic, mostly with 4-angled branches. The genus Origanum, native in Europe, includes 15 to 20 species, chief among them being marjoram (O. majorana) and oregano (O. vulgare). Pedicellate or sessile, bracteate, complete, zygomorphic rarely actinomorphic (Mentha, Elsholtzia), hermaphrodite, rarely unisexual (Nepeta, Thymus), pentamerous hypogynous. Prasiodideae. Kingdom Plantae – Plants. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Stigma entire or minutely bifid. The original family name is Labiatae, so given because the flowers typically have petals fused into an upper lip and a lower lip (labia in Latin). Several species of Salvia, Coleus, Ajuga, Leonotis, Dracocephalum, Thymus, Lavandula etc. Important Types. Tetrachondraceae], storage substances stachyose and other oligosaccarides; inflorescence indeterminate/open; flowers vertically monosymmetric, 5-merous; K ± asymmetric, C usu. Lamiaceae is characterised by aromatic plants which have been widely used since ancient times. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/Lamiaceae. four petals in the posterior upper lip and only one petal in the anterior lower lip. Sacred plant for Hindus; also used medicinally. Important Types of Lamiaceae: 1. When a distinct bilabiate condition is found the arrangement of the petals may be gamopetalous 2/3 i.e. Mentha piperata and Thymus serphyllum give Menthol and Thymol respectively, which are extensively used in medicines. Leaves- rounded base, pointed tip, coarsely toothed edges and . 75 alluded to an unpublished morphological cladistic analysis and outlined the basis for a new tribal classification in his treatment of the Verbenaceae … Of the 150 tropical species of Ocimum, basil (O. basilicum) is perhaps the most well known; the plant is likely native to India but is cultivated as a culinary herb in other regions. e.g. Classification Browse Images ... Corolla limb usually 2-lipped; upper lip 2-lobed and lower 3-lobed, rarely upper lip entire and lower 4-lobed, also rarely limb (4- or) 5-lobed; tube hairy annulate inside. Share Your PPT File. Herbaceous, aerial, erect, solid, grooved, quadrangular, hairy, branched. Lamiaceae (order Lamiales) is a family of flowering species, also known as the mint family [1]. 3 A-B). Answer Now and help others. Ocimum, Hiptis etc. Herbaceous above and woody below, aerial, erect, solid, quadrangular, branched, hairy with aromatic smell. Lamiaceae is distributed nearly worldwide, and many species are … Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants. This classification is based on their similarities and differences. Share Your PDF File Lavenduloideae. 5, fused into a tube, bilabiate (2 petals upper/3 lower) Androecium: 2 or 4 didynamous (=in two, paired lengths), epipetalous: Gynoecium: 2 united carpels, superior ovary (=hypogynous), 4 lobed ovary with two locules, single style arising from between the ovary lobes (gynobasic), axile placentation, 4 ovules: Fruit: 4 nutlets: Other features: Catopheriodideae. In Ocimum, Coleus, Plectranthus etc. Lamiaceae. De nombreuses activités biologiques et alimentaires, attribuées à Lippia multiflora, sont dues à la présence de composés terpéniques issus de son huile … Lamiaceae Plants of the Mint Family(also known as Labiatae) If you pick a plant with a distinctly square stalk and simple, opposite leaves, then it is very likely a member of the Mint family. Like 6 except that the stamens attached on the lower lip. Very commonly verticillaster consisting of a pair of condensed dichasial cymes at each node; often the verticillasters are grouped together in a thyrsus form; rarely solitary (Scutellaria). Welcome to BiologyDiscussion! Also Mediterranean is lavender (Lavandula officinalis), with fragrant blue to lavender flowers in leafless spikes. Opposite decussate, simple, petiolate, exstipulate, ovate, serrate, acute, hairy, unicostate reticulate. Stamens 2, polyandrous, epipetalous, each stamen with very short filament, connected to a long curved connective bearing a half fertile anther lobe at the posterior end and anteriorly bears a small flat sterile anther lobe; anthers versatile, introrse. The family is particularly important to humans for herb plants useful for flavour, fragrance, or medicinal properties. Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons: Subclass Asteridae: Order Lamiales: Family Lamiaceae – Mint family: Genus Ocimum L. – basil P : Contains 6 Species and 4 accepted taxa overall : Down one level : Species Ocimum basilicum L. – sweet basil P: Species Ocimum campechianum Mill. Before sharing your knowledge on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Stamens epipetalous, 4 or 2, free, rarely filaments connate, sometimes one staminodial; anther 1- or 2-celled, usually dehiscing … Consequently, in the latest classification of the Lamiaceae, pogostemonoid taxa have been subsumed into Lamioideae ... and southern Africa and are easily recognized by the bright orange or red corollas of their flowers and the short lower corolla lip that withers at anthesis (Ryding, 1998; Iwarsson & Harvey, 2003). Classification family Lamiaceae Abstract. La menthe des champs (Mentha arvensis) est une espèce de plantes herbacées de la famille des Lamiaceae, originaire d'Europe.. L'espèce est semblable à une menthe originaire d'Amérique du Nord et d'Asie orientale, la Mentha canadensis, et reste souvent confondue avec celle-ci.Morphologiqement proche, elle se distingue par … 18.6) and for the lower surface is 18.8-21.3 (mean 19.7) (Fig. Nutlets dry with their pericarp, seed transverse, e.g., Scutellaria etc. Recent phylogenetic work has shown the Lamiales are polyphyletic with respect to order Scrophularialesand the two groups are now usually combined in a single order that also includes the former orders Hip… Opposite decussate, exstipulate, petiolate, simple, ovate, crenate margin, acute apex, sparsely hairy, unicostate reticulate venation. all the five petals forming the lower lip so that the corolla becomes one lipped. In Salvia only two stamens on the anterior side are found; they are characterised by peculiarly long connectives which help in insect pollination stamens generally introrse and dithecous. The family is known for culinary herbs such as basil, mint, oregano, rosemary, sage and thyme. Gynobasic style, tetralocular ovary and carcerulus fruit. Best known for its sharp fragrance is rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis), a Mediterranean species. Using long-read sequencing and Hi-C scaffolding, we … Junell (1934), Erdtman (1945), Wunderlich (1967) and El-Gazzar and Watson (1970), all expressed dissatisfaction with traditional classifications of Lamiaceae (Lamiaceae), and with the circumscription of Lamiaceae relative to that of Verbenaceae sensu lato, based on very extensive comparative anatomical, palynological, phytochemical, morphological and host/parasite surveys. , Dicotyledons, families, Lamiaceae … Lamiaceae is distributed nearly worldwide, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica question! Report about the classification system of Dahlgren the Lamiales were in the posterior lip! Plants and pollinators [ 7 ] signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news offers. 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