Scenic Air Lines, in 1977, acquired from American Jet Industries engineering and manufacturing rights for turboprop conversions of Cessna Models 402 and 414, now known as Turbo Star 402 and Turbo Star Pressurised 414. Maintenance costs vary from year to year, but $300 to $350 direct per hour is a good estimate for the 125 to 150 hours per year I fly. I would love … This makes room in the mains because all return fuel and vapor from the engines is routed back to the mains rather than to the tank selected. All told, Cessna built nearly 1000 of the airplanes-roughly a 50/50 split between early tip-tanked 414s and wet-wing 414A Chancellors-during 16 years of production. (The A models have the much- improved, 206-gallon wet-wing fuel system. During that period, I have exchanged two sets of engines (RAM IV), two props (one new set), two paint jobs, an interior and updated the avionics. Payload max fuel: 671 lb. To provide the pressurised 414 twin-engined transport, Cessna married the basic fuselage of the Model 421 with the wing developed for the Model 401. RAM also makes winglets and vortex generators. Tip, aux and locker tanks were obviated by a 4.5-foot longer, bonded wing holding 206 gallons of usable fuel in internal bays. Pwr loading: 7.7 lb/hp. In our Cessna 414A we could do the trip in 6 to 7 hours, plus a fuel stop, and we were ready to get out of the plane. They were the last of the pressurized, piston, 400-series airplanes Cessna developed, and pilots and mechanics will tell you that Cessna got it right with the Models 414 and 414A. Annual inspections, repairs and pre-buys must be conducted by specialists. Kudos go to Cessna for rising to the occasion. That is what caused it to incinerate the house on the ground, a 414A carries about 200 gallons of fuel and it would take a lot plus an igniter to burn … The Cessna 414 … Horsepower for takeoff: 310 TBO hrs. pmiracing, Apr 26, 2019 #12. Initial climbout increased by at least 200 FPM to more than 1000 FPM. In addition, there is an AD (2005-12-13) on the 414 wing that requires a spar strap at 9,000 hours TT for aircraft with serial # 200 and lower. I would love to talk to you and get some more info. What a difference! Electronic prop synchrophasers became standard equipment in 1976, when two versions of the airplane were put on the market: a bare-bones 414 and a 414II, which came with an assortment of ARC 400-series avionics equipment.That year, most limiting and recommended airspeeds were boosted a few knots (except Vmc, which was lowered from 84 to 82 knots), and the -J engines were replaced with TSIO-520-Ns. Owner-pilots give high marks to cockpit room and layout of systems controls and enthuse about handling characteristics. The deice light on the panel illuminates only very briefly when the pneumatic deicing system is activated and only indicates that theres pressure to the tail boots. Date: 03-FEB-2019: Time: c. 13:45 LT: Type: Cessna 414A Chancellor : Owner/operator: Private/Registration Pending : Registration: N414RS: C/n / msn: 414A0821 (See www.ramaircraft.com.). Continental also published overhaul procedures to enable -NB engines to get the TBO boost. The Twin Cessna Flyer (www.twincessna.org) is headed by Larry A. They are the Cadillacs of the piston line, with attention having been paid to detail; even on an. All 414s are basically the cabin of the Cessna 421 with engines from the 340.) Advertisement Cessna 340 Used Price: $290,000 Engine make/model: Cont. One owner reported discovering mis-drilled holes in the spar of his airplane when it was opened up to install the spar strap: ADs 2005-05-52 and 2005-12-13 are current. text-align: left; The 375-HP 421Cs single engine ceiling is 14,900 feet. I sell 25 Twin Cessnas a year, which usually includes six to eight 414s and 414As. Pay attention to the fuel system in tip-tanked 414s.A simpler fuel system was among a host of improvements unveiled in 1978 with introduction of the Model 414A Chancellor. List price was $138,000 (thats over $740,000 in 2007 dollars)-$35,000 less than the Duke and some $50,000 less than both the 421 and Pipers P-Navajo. Seats: 7 / 8 CIDC Turbo Star 414 / Cessna 414 Engines: 2 x Allison 250-B17B, 420 hp. Theres enough room in the aft cabin, the nose and wing lockers of a 414 to hold 930 pounds of baggage. Some potties have a flushing feature. Wing loading: 29.9 lbs/sq.ft. Stall: 70-85 kt. Single-engine service ceiling: 19850 ft. There are several good training programs available to help keep 414 pilots in top form, something we feel to be quite important as, while the accident rate is low, the accidents seem primarily to occur on amateur flown airplanes and involve judgment errors on the part of the pilot rather than anything wrong with the airplane. 2. Thanks, Mark (All the … Range max fuel /range: 1390 nm/ 6.7 hr. Seats: 6/8. .td_uid_104_5fde785d95b38_rand.td-a-rec-img { We highly recommend them. SIDs are Cessna's means to address aging aircraft. To keep CHTs below red line I had to fly at no more than 55 percent power and with the cowl flaps open at high altitudes. With GAMIjectors and lean-of-peak operation owners report a reduction of about 3 gph per engine at all power settings as well as cooler operating temperatures. Of course, any airplanes safety depends a great deal on the proficiency of its pilots. Today, prices range from around $160,000 to over $400,000 for typically-equipped 414s with mid-time engines. Ceiling: 30,100 ft. 75% cruise: 225 kt. Once in service the airplanes became popular as workhorses for small charter and corporate flight departments, as well as comfortable transports for private owners. Boost pumps seem to be a weak point, requiring what seems to be frequent replacement. True airspeeds down low are no better — in some cases worse — than many normally aspirated light twins, while fuel flow is much higher. It had basically the same tail and “wide-oval” fuselage as the 421B, and the 401s wing. 288 Valid XHTML and CSS. The new airplane has four and a half feet more span as well as 30 more square feet of wing area, and these two factors do wonders for single-engine ceiling. Cessna claims the new inspection and life-limit rules are necessary. It occurred as it approached John Wayne Airport. Pay attention to the fuel system in tip-tanked 414s. In addition to 335-HP engines, new props and intercooler scoops, it includes a set of vortex generators and gives an increase in useful load of 415 pounds. However, a 414 RAM VI and VII can often have an excellent useful load with an impressive range/payload chart. Compared to the 414A where the fuel … Another Twin Cessna Loss at John Wayne – An Idea Of What Happened Read Full Article » That way, “I … Theres enough room in the aft cabin, the nose and wing lockers of a 414 to hold 930 pounds of baggage. TAS ranged from 200 kts at 10,000 to 220 in the high teens. (RVSM rules have generally limited 414s to 28,000 feet.) There are several good training programs available to help keep 414 pilots in top form, something we feel to be quite important as, while the accident rate is low, the accidents seem primarily to occur on amateur flown airplanes and involve judgment errors on the part of the pilot rather than anything wrong with the airplane.HISTORYCessna borrowed components from existing 400-series airplanes to come out in 1970 with a model to bridge the price gap between unpressurized and pressurized twins. Once again, SIDs are completely optional in piston Part 91 operations. A $155,000.00 loan over 120 months including $645.83 per month in interest equates to a $7,772.28 per-period payment. Cabin pressure: 4.2 psi. The pressurized comfort of the 414A, which produces an 8000-foot cabin at 22,800 feet, cannot be overemphasized. Reissued : 12/31/2002: SA00432SE (PG 4) Installation of EGT 701 series fuel … Empty wt: 3705 lb. ), A potential buyer should carefully investigate the compliance status of the airplane by flight time and serial number, especially if the airplane is high time. The series of engines available for the 414’s are the RAM IV, RAM VI and the RAM VII. I planned a fuel burn of 50 GPH using 75 degrees rich of peak. Issued : 5/21/1999: SA00404WI : Installation of a starter engagement indication system. A 414 appears to be a good choice for anyone who wants a pressurized airplane with a big cabin and lots of baggage space. Range max fuel/cruise: 996 nm/4.4 hr. Max TO wt: 6525 lb. Even with aging aircraft and occasional engine-related issues, the 414A offers a large cabin, the comfort and convenience of pressurization and the performance and safety of turbo charging. the last of the pressurized, piston, 400-series airplanes Cessna developed, pilots and mechanics will tell you that Cessna got it right with the models 414 and 414A. It first flew in 1968 and an improved variant was introduced from 1978 as the 414A Chancellor. “The Citation we were using burned three times the fuel,” he said. As for fuel burn, you can figure 600 pounds of fuel the first hour and 400 pounds per hour every hour after that, which translates to 77 gph on a two-hour flight and 69 gph on a three-hour flight—but … Each model has different after-market engine/prop conversions and when other performance-enhancing modifications are factored in, weights and other performance criteria vary. The 1970 to 77 Cessna 414 is often referred to as a straight 414, straight meaning no suffix A and not meaning a straight wing. The 441 Conquest II was purposely produced to fill the gap between Cessna’s jet and piston engine aircraft. I cannot count the number of heater failures I’ve suffered over the years and the number of maintenance folks who have done their best to help me. One of the most important was the switch in 1979 to TSIO-520-NB engines, which have improved crankshafts. Controls consisted of on/off/crossfeed valves and a fuel flow computer/indicator was added.A 30-square-foot increase in wing area accommodated a 400-pound increase in maximum takeoff weight and a 550-pound increase in landing weight. Block fuel burns compared to the 310 are higher, but not tremendously so on a long trip. 414A - Two 230kW (310hp) TSIO-520-NBs. At 11,350 feet, the 414s single-engine service ceiling was a bit below average; but, at 19,850, the 414A is tops in its class. Operating and maintenance costs are attractive when compared with those of competing airplanes, such as the big-brother 421 and Beech Aircrafts Duke. As has often been said, Cessna really got it right with the 414/414As. VGs are also available from Micro Aerodynamics (www.microaero.com) and V/G Systems, phone 800-328-4629. Maximum landing weight: 6750 lbs. Wingspan: 13.45 m / 44 ft 2 in. "Never put your family in a cabin class Cessna unless you intend on buying one" A 340 is a bit small for my needs, the whole family is full size. CONCERNS: Payload: The 421 can be CG sensitive. Takeoff Dist 50 ft obstacle: 2,595 ft. They were the last of the pressurized, piston, 400-series airplanes Cessna developed, and pilots and mechanics will tell you that Cessna got it right with the Models 414 and 414A. Maximum useful load: 2417 lbs. CE-414 Engine: 2 x Continental TSIO-520-N, 310 hp. List price was $138,000 (thats over $740,000 in 2007 dollars)-$35,000 less than the Duke and some $50,000 less than both the 421 and Pipers P-Navajo.Engines were 310-HP Continental TSIO-520-Js, and propellers were three-blade McCauleys. A ramp weight of 6785 pounds was approved to allow for the consumption of six gallons of fuel during start, taxi and runup. Advertisement STANDARD DATA: (Chancellor) Seats 8. The mod is expensive, but in my case we found serious factory mis-drilled wing spar attachment holes that could have caused a spar failure at any time! Mandatory power reductions during the climb above FL220 meant long climb times and getting above FL250 seemed to take forever at the 200 FPM climb rate that could be achieved up there. margin: 0 auto 0 0; I own a 1978 Cessna 414A which I acquired in 1989. Thanks for contributing, sharing and contacting us. The successive hours I planned at a fuel burn of 45 GPH ROP and 36 GPH LOP. The nose baggage compartment of the 414A made CG juggling easier. However, only upon acquiring the 414 did I finally attain my goal-virtually complete independence from the airlines for domestic travel. The current concern is with wing spar cracking in high-time airplanes; with a series of ADs calling for inspections and modifications to the spar-compliance is expensive. Fuel burn is the same, 34 GPH in cruise at all altitudes, with the RAM VII at 69 percent. The cessna's look to be a little faster with less fuel burn than our pa-31p so that is also a plus. Areas to watch on the pressurization system are to make sure the nine drain seals are changed regularly as they deteriorate and become brittle and to regularly check the pressurization ducts off of the heater, forward of the forward pressure bulkhead as they can develop major leaks. Dougherty is a pilot but not yet checked out on the 414. Although it carries a 300-series number, the 340 and 414 share the same wing, flaps, ailerons, landing gear and engines. Fuel, Known Ice, Heated Glass Windshield, Av... See More Details Fuel Burn: 181 gph; Get a Jet Management Proposal for a Citation II How much does it cost to buy a Cessna Citation II 550? SE ROC: 240 fpm @ 105 kt. If followed carefully, a mechanic wont miss anything. Fuel management included the operation of transfer pumps, the monitoring of fuel return and the bother of tank selection. Service ceiling: 25,000 ft. Max  cruise: 226 kt. Production of the 414 ended in 1985 with almost 1,100 aircraft produced. Also, a zero-fuel weight of 6515 pounds was published to preclude excessive wing bending loads. Four variations are available, all of which offer a boost in useful load, increased TBOs and new props. Best rate of climb: 1520 fpm @ 108 kts. Starship Completes High-Altitude Test Flight, Explodes During Landing (Updated), Vaccine Passport: Stop Crying, Get Your Shot, Even A Numbskull Like Me Can Learn To Fly A Gyroplane, AVweb Profile: Aviation Photographer Steve Zimmermann, Top Letters And Comments, December 18, 2020, EAA Aviation Museum To Offer Webinar Series, WAI Announces 2021 Pioneer Hall Of Fame Inductees, Frasca To Develop Epic E1000 GX Simulator, Hill Helicopters Unveils New Turbine Engine, Canada Mandates 406 ELTs, Foreign Aircraft Need Beacon. The drill is to run the engines off the mains (tip tanks) for 90 minutes before switching to the auxiliary tanks. It is powered by two 375 hp/280 kW turbocharged … The prototype first flew on 26 February 1975. The exhaust system AD must be followed carefully, including the 30-day checks whether the airplane flies or not. Lots of external baggage in the nose and wing lockers, a pressurized aft cabin baggage area for desired in-flight items, like food, toys/games, cosmetics and a roomy pressurized 6000-foot cabin at 20,000 feet. I am a professional aircraft broker who specializes in Twin Cessnas. All told, maximum useful load was boosted about 200 pounds and an eighth seat was added to the options list. Best Cruise Speed: 209 KIAS. A pilot in a hurry will see 205 knots on 38 GPH at 75 percent power rich of peak, although few operate that way anymore. RAM also makes winglets and vortex generators. The drill is to run the engines off the mains (tip tanks) for 90 minutes before switching to the auxiliary tanks. Best Range (i): 833 NM. Seats: 6/8. Single-engine performance at sea level is average; about 240 FPM for the 414 and 290 FPM for the A model. Among the most popular mods are the RAM Aircraft Corporation engine swaps. During cruise, we generally operate the engines at 65 percent power settings, which is 32/2300. Also, a zero-fuel weight of 6515 pounds was published to preclude excessive wing bending loads.The 421s longer nose also was grafted onto the 414A, making space for an extra 410 pounds of baggage and avionics. Fuel transferred too early is pumped overboard. Dougherty says that the 414 is an excellent fit for his company because of its low fuel burn. Service ceilings are above 30,000 feet, but few owners fly that high. Quality initial and recurrent training is critical. 288 When Model 414/414A production ended in 1986 a total of 1,067 variants had been built.The old 414's service ceiling was 11,350 feet, and with the same engines and gross weight 400 pounds greater, the new airplane does 19,850 feet. Pwr loading: 7.7 lb/hp. TSIO-520-NB Horsepower@altitude: 310 to 20,000 ft. I have put in three different heaters over the past several years and changed out all the blower motors, ductwork, fuel pump, fuel pressure regulator, igniter, air flow sensor and thermostat at least once and I still plan for failure in flight. From the time of its introduction until 1976, improvements introduced for the Model 402 were reflected in the Model 414, and in that year the name Chancellor was adopted. The fuel system in early 414s is complex, especially with wing locker tanks installed and proper fuel management requires attention to detail. Pwr loading: 10.2 lb/hp. So, if its just pressurization youre looking for and youre going to be flying with only another person or two aboard, you might want to look at the 340 for a personal hot rod. .td_uid_104_5fde785d95b38_rand.td-a-rec-img img { Fuel capacity 213. The process from testing to certification was relatively quick. The upgrade from the T310R came about because my family, including a dog, cannot all be wearing nosebags. Horsepower: 310 Gross Weight: 6350 lbs Top Speed: 239 kts Empty Weight: 4039 lbs Cruise Speed: 224 kts Fuel Capacity: 102 gal Stall Speed (dirty): 70 kts Range: 1090 nm Takeoff: Landing: Ground Roll: 1695 ft Ground Roll 805 ft: Over 50 ft obstacle: 2350 ft Over 50 ft obstacle: 1865 ft Rate Of Climb: 1580 fpm Rate of Climb (One Engine): 240 fpm Ceiling: 30100 ft Ceiling (One Engine): 11350 ft Max cruise, 77.5 % power at 24,500 ft: 225 kts. Gross wt: 6350 lb. The exhaust system AD must be followed carefully, including the 30-day checks whether the airplane flies or not. Cessna wanted a more cost competitive cabin class aircraft and it was able to achieve this by utilizing parts from the existing 400 series models. Frequently, a a buyer makes assumptions that arent correct. The pressure differential - five pounds per square inch - is greater so that the airplane can cruise at higher altitudes. 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