Yellowstone's supervolcano hasn’t seen an active eruption in 664,000 years.And before that, the volcano last erupted two million and 1.3 million years ago - meaning an eruption has taken place after a 600,000 to 700,000 year gap - sparking fears among some the volcano is due one any time soon.However, Ben Andrews, the director of the Smithsonian's Global Volcanism Program told National Geographic: “I want to emphasize this in bold, underlined, blinking text: We are in no way overdue for an eruption in Yellowstone.”, Read More: Yellowstone volcano SHOCK: Scientists explain added geyser activity. Until recently, all known supervolcanoes have been found in terrestrial locales. The last eruption was in 1538, in an event known as the Monte Nuovo eruption. This latter supervolcano is the last to have ever released a super-eruption, which burst free some 26,500 years ago. © 2020 Forbes Media LLC. The eruption of Tambora in 1815 was followed by years of unusual chaotic weather in Europe, Asia and America, as the volcanic ash and gases changed Earth's climate. Competition for limited resources contributed to keeping the number of newcomers low. “The eruption ejected not only rocks, but also material that had fallen or been thrown into the geyser in years past, like coins, old cans, and other human debris.”As a result of these changes, Yellowstone National Park closed portions of the boardwalk.One of the most famous thermal feature of Yellowstone National Park's Upper Geyser Basin is Old Faithful. This last major eruption occurred around 75,000±900 years ago and had an estimated VEI= 8, making it the largest-known explosive volcanic eruption within the last 25 million years. We will use your email address only for sending you newsletters. Finally the third was the Lava Creek eruption approximately 630,000 which created the Yellowstone Caldera and the Lava Creek Tuff. “Ear Spring, a normally docile hot pool, had a water eruption that reached 20 to 30 feet high on Saturday, September 15, 2018. An increase in seismic activity heralded renewed activity in the area, with over 20 earthquakes felt the day before the actual eruption.The ground over the caldera rose quickly, with elevation changes of … The second was the Mesa Falls eruption which took place 1.3million years ago and created the Henry's Fork Caldera and the Mesa Falls Tuff. When was the last time Yellowstone erupted? IBM Joins Alliance, Developing Platform To Track Plastic Waste Globally, Can Money Buy Happiness? A YELLOWSTONE volcano scientist identified the "explosive" magma three miles below the supervolcano, before sending a warning over a "world-ending" eruption. The diagram below shows that the three largest Yellowstone eruptions emitted much more material than the eruptions of Mount St. Helens (1980), Mount Pinatubo in the Philippines (1991), Krakatau in Indonesia (1883, incorrectly known as Krakatoa), and Tambora in Indonesia (1815). In fact, some say that the supervolcano may never erupt again. Thousands of cubic kilometres of ash was thrown into the atmosphere - so much that it blocked out light from the sun all over the world. The last known supervolcano eruption, believed to have occurred around 70,000 years ago on the site of today’s Lake Toba in Sumatra, Indonesia. We, as modern humans, descend from those few survivors. I'm a freelance geologist working mostly in the Eastern Alps. One occurred 2.1 million years ago, one 1.3 million years ago, and one 664,000 years ago. I'm a freelance geologist working mostly in the Eastern Alps. A current earthquake swarm in Yellowstone caldera reactivated an ancient fault formed during the last supervolcano eruption 631,000 years ago. It could have been 643,247 years ago. Lava rich in sulfur causes sulfur-compounds to form in the higher layers of Earth's atmosphere. See today's front and back pages, download the newspaper, The last supervolcano eruption occurred about 27,000 on the North Island of New Zealand. The last Supervolcano to erupt was Taupo in New Zealand around 26,000 years ago. Yellowstone Caldera as it is now was formed as the result of three supereruptions over the past 2.1million years. Geyser Hill is located across the Firehole River from Old Faithful and hosts dozens of other hot springs and geysers.Hydrothermal activity at several features on Geyser Hill has changed since the eruption of Ear Spring. Yellowstone volcano eruption risk: Is Yellowstone most risky volcano? The 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens is considered the last major eruption in the US. The world's largest eruption of the 20th century occurred in 1912 at Novarupta on the Alaska Peninsula. The last supervolcano eruption was 640,000 years ago. How long would a supervolcano eruption last? An estimated 15 cubic kilometers of magma was explosively erupted during 60 hours beginning on June 6th. Zoologists studying the remains of animals found in the archaeological digs didn't note any faunal changes. Two human teeth, excavated in the Lida Ajer archaeological site, a cave located in Sumatra, even suggest that humans lived on Sumatra when Toba erupted. The Yellowstone supervolcano — thousands of times more powerful than a regular volcano — has only had three truly enormous eruptions in history. Opinions expressed by Forbes Contributors are their own. Read More: Yellowstone WARNING: Volcano could release hydrothermal explosions. According to Dr Robert B. Smith, an expert on supervolcanoes, if Yellowstone was to blow today, “devastation would be complete and incomprehensible”. The world's largest eruption of the 20th century occurred in 1912 at Novarupta on the Alaska Peninsula. The explosion of the Mount Toba supervolcano, located on the modern island of Sumatra, some 74,000 years ago, was Earth's largest eruption in the past 28 million years. The last known supervolcano eruption, believed to have occurred around 70,000 years ago on the site of today’s Lake Toba in Sumatra, Indonesia, caused a … Yellowstone volcano eruption: How big would a Yellowstone eruption be. The last supervolcano eruption occurred about 27,000 on the North Island of New Zealand. “The eruption ejected not only rocks, but also material that had fallen or been thrown into the geyser in years past, like coins, old cans, and other human debris.”. You may opt-out by. The eruption plume reached 50km into the air, well into the stratosphere. Since December 1, an earthquake swarm is hitting beneath the eastern part of Yellowstone Lake. I deal with the rocky road to our modern understanding of earth, EY & Citi On The Importance Of Resilience And Innovation, How Digital Workflows Helped Save Basketball During The Pandemic, Impact 50: Investors Seeking Profit — And Pushing For Change, Michigan Economic Development Corporation With Forbes Insights, How, When And Where You Can See ‘Christmas Star’ Planets Then Shooting Stars On The Solstice This Week, How To Safely See Monday’s Christmas Star, The Great Conjunction Of Jupiter & Saturn. Yellowstone's supervolcano hasn’t seen an active eruption in 664,000 years. Some Good 2020 News: The Yellowstone Supervolcano (Probably) Won’t Erupt By Jack Butler. A current earthquake swarm in Yellowstone caldera reactivated an ancient fault formed during the last supervolcano eruption 631,000 years ago. California earthquakes TODAY: Three quakes strike coast, Yellowstone volcano latest: Watch USGS send camera into geyser, Yellowstone is a supervolcano, which has created the caldera through three huge eruptions. A supervolcano is a large volcano that has had an eruption with a Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI) of 8, the largest recorded value on the index. US volcanoes MAPPED: Volcanoes ranked as 'VERY HIGH' threat. The most recent activity at Yellowstone Caldera took place in September this year according to the United States Geological Survey (USGS), when changes occurred to thermal features. “ Supervolcano is a massive eruption of a volcano, that has a magnitude of 8 on VEI(Volcanic Explosivity Index), and it is most likely to occur in hotspots and subduction zones.” The term Supervolcano has first originated in the year 1925 AD in a scientific debate by Edwin T. Hodge , where he suggested that a huge volcano named as Mount Multnomah existed in the Oregon state of USA. 2,500 miles away 35 centimetres of ash coated the ground. Lake Toba viewed from one of the restaurants in the city of Parapat, northern Sumatra on a cloudy ... [+] day. Outside of the major eruptions the region produced andesite and basaltic andesite. This means the volume of deposits for that eruption is greater than 1,000 cubic kilometers (240 cubic miles). When was the last time Yellowstone erupted? When was the last time Yellowstone erupted? Hawaii is home to the world's largest active volcano, Mauna Loa. While the last Yellowstone eruption is around 640 thousand years ago and to 74 thousand years, maybe the Toba cycle is still far from the due. I graduated in 2007 with a project studying how permafrost, that´s frozen soil, is reacting to the more visible recent changes of the alpine environment. “The feature erupted overnight between September 18th and 19th and continues to pulse water as a small spouter.”. “Ear Spring, a normally docile hot pool, had a water eruption that reached 20 to 30 feet high on Saturday, September 15, 2018. Toba was at least two magnitudes larger (and ten times more powerful) than Tambora, considered the largest eruption witnessed by modern humans. Its impossible to predict when an eruption will happen. Yellowstone Caldera as it is now was formed as the result of three supereruptions over the past 2.1million years. Also, stone tools excavated near the river Son in central India are similar to stone tools used in the Near East and Australia. How To Photograph This Week’s ‘Christmas Star,’ See It With Your Naked Eyes And Livestream It On Your Phone, forming a crater lake visible even from space. The relatively small number of modern humans surviving those migration waves could explain the low genetic diversity, without invoking any volcanic catastrophe. According to the USGS: “Most notably, a new feature has formed west of Pump Geyser and north of Sponge Geyser directly under the boardwalk. The volcano last erupted in 1538 after almost a century of pressure building up. 4: Nabro: Eritrea: 2011: 31: 3: Etna: Italy: 2013-An eruption on 16 March 2017 injured 10 people, including a BBC News television crew, after magma exploded upon contact with snow. The last supervolcano eruption on Earth happened at the Taupo volcano 27,000 years ago [1]. The large eruption which produced the Tondano tuff has been dated to 900,000 years ago although older dates have also been suggested. Toba sent even more ash into the atmosphere. A YELLOWSTONE volcano scientist identified the 'explosive' magma three miles below the supervolcano, before sending a warning over a 'world-ending' eruption. Yellowstone volcano is estimated to have last erupted 640,000, 1.2 million and 2.1 million-years-ago. The sulfur-compounds react with water vapor, forming aerosols droplets effectively shielding Earth's surface from the sunlight and causing a drop in temperatures on a global scale. All Rights Reserved, This is a BETA experience. It had 10,000 times the explosive force of Mount St. Helens and changed life on Earth forever. The caldera of the supervolcano is today called Lake Taupo and the general area still remains seismic active. Since December 1, an earthquake swarm is hitting beneath the eastern part of Yellowstone Lake. To give an idea of its magnitude, consider that although the eruption took place in Indonesia, it deposited an ash layer approximately 6 inches thick over the entire Indian subcontinent. *Check our article: The Largest Volcano Eruption for Past Twenty Century. Living in one of the classic areas of early geological research, I combine field trips with the historic maps, figures and research done there. When was the last time Yellowstone erupted? The last supervolcano eruption occurred about 27,000 on the North Island of New Zealand. As a result of these changes, Yellowstone National Park closed portions of the boardwalk. In 1998, anthropologist Stanley Ambrose made the connection between the reduced genetic variability found in modern humans and the Toba eruption. Massive temblor more likely hazard than supervolcano eruption Global supervolcano eruption effects During a supervolcano eruption, there would be a great deal of ash falling in the surrounding region and the formation of a giant caldera depression as the ground collapses following a the eruption due to the withdrawal of magma from within the volcano. This cultural continuity over time and such a vast area doesn't fit the hypothesis that the Toba eruption caused a collapse of early societies. There are many supervolcanoes around the world other than Yellowstone, including California's Long Valley, Japan's Aira Caldera, Indonesia's … The second was the Mesa Falls eruption which took place 1.3million years ago and created the Henry's Fork Caldera and the Mesa Falls Tuff.Finally the third was the Lava Creek eruption approximately 630,000 which created the Yellowstone Caldera and the Lava Creek Tuff.Hot springs and giesers are constant displays of activity at Yellowstone, and a tourist attraction for many. Yellowstone’s last eruption, according to researchers, was about 630,000 years ago. 4: … According to the scientist, the supervolcano could cause a violent eruption Humankind must have left Africa much earlier than previously thought, migrating between 75,000 and 60,000 years ago into Asia. The Yellowstone supervolcano — thousands of times more powerful than a regular volcano — has only had three truly enormous eruptions in history. Archaeological digs in India show that there are no significant differences in stone tools fabricated by early men and found in sedimentary layers beneath and above the ash layer of Toba. Express. Most early humans in Europe and Asia didn't make it, as the climate and environment suddenly changed, and only a small group, with limited genetic variability, survived by chance in Africa. When geologists say "640,000 years" that's just an estimate. Genetic evidence indicates that around 74,000 years ago the human population suddenly collapsed. By … The World Wide Climate Change You may wonder about the Toba Supervolcano vs Yellowstone, which is the most dangerous? This has happened at Yellowstone three times on a cycle of 660,000-800,000 years: 2.1 million years ago, 1.3 million years ago, and 640,000 years ago. The most explosive eruption was its first, which produced about 2,500 times the amount of volcanic material as the 1980 destruction of Mount St Helens. But geology is more than a historic or local science, as geological forces shaped and still influence history worldwide. According to the USGS: “Most notably, a new feature has formed west of Pump Geyser and north of Sponge Geyser directly under the boardwalk. All of New Zealand received at least 1cm of ash, with areas near the lake being buried in more than 100 metres of pyroclastic flow. In their observations the USGS noted: “In the past week, there have been changes afoot to the thermal features on Geyser Hill in Yellowstone's Upper Geyser Basin. No, It is very unlikely that any eruption will occur in the next thousand or even 10,000 years. The last known eruption of a supervolcano on Earth occurred at Lake Taupo in New Zealand 26,500 years ago. Geyser Hill is located across the Firehole River from Old Faithful and hosts dozens of other hot springs and geysers. Hydrothermal activity at several features on Geyser Hill has changed since the eruption of Ear Spring. There were smaller eruptions 70,000 and about 3500 years ago. The dacitic eruption that was produced by the smaller Pangalombian eruption happened some time before 500,000 years ago. The most recent activity at Yellowstone Caldera took place in September this year according to the United States Geological Survey (USGS), when changes occurred to thermal features. Ejecting 0.7 cu km, this event was the biggest volcanic eruption of the 21st century to date. That’s intervals of 800,000 and 670,000 years, and an as-yet-unfinished interval of 630,000 years. When was the last supervolcano eruption The last supervolcano eruption was from STEM 1A at Central Mindanao University The world’s attention is now firmly focused on when the supervolcano in … Please see our Privacy Notice for details of your data protection rights. The Toba eruption, unlike Tambora, likely emitted far less sulfur than previously assumed. The first was the Huckleberry Ridge eruption which created the Island Park Caldera and the Huckleberry Ridge Tuff. One of the most famous thermal feature of Yellowstone National Park's Upper Geyser Basin is Old Faithful. Home of the Daily and Sunday Express. The last eruption of a super volcano was in Toba, Sumatra, 75,000 years ago. Is a supervolcano going to erupt soon? Many incorrectly claim the last 'super eruption' was Toba in Sumatra, but this is incorrect. In their observations the USGS noted: “In the past week, there have been changes afoot to the thermal features on Geyser Hill in Yellowstone's Upper Geyser Basin. A scientist claimed that although it is not yet clear when the Yellowstone supervolcano would erupt, it could happen soon. Psychologists Offer A New Take On An Old Question, Why An ‘Operation Warp Speed’ Approach Is Needed For Climate Change, An Underwater Art Park Near Miami Beach Will Reintroduce Coral Reefs. The last super eruption was the Lake Toba eruption on the island of Sumatra in Indonesia about 74,000 years ago. The exact cause of this genetic bottleneck is unknown, but a volcanic winter following the Toba eruption could explain the reduced genetic variability. It was most likely not exactly 640,000 years ago. no significant differences in stone tools fabricated by early men and found in sedimentary layers beneath and above the ash layer of Toba. The largest eruption in the last two million years was about 74,000... What was the largest volcanic eruption in the 20th century? When was the last Supervolcano eruption? The explosion of the Mount Toba supervolcano, located on the modern island of Sumatra, some 74,000 years ago, was Earth's largest eruption in the past 28 million years. “The feature erupted overnight between September 18th and 19th and continues to pulse water as a small spouter.”, Grand Prismatic Spring At Yellowstone National Park. One occurred 2.1 million years ago, one 1.3 million years ago, and one 664,000 years ago. Using modern dating techniques, the researchers were able to date the human remains to 63,000-73,000 years, just in time for the Toba eruption. And before that, the volcano last erupted two … Yellowstone's supervolcano hasn’t seen an active eruption in 664,000 years. The USGS says the odds of Yellowstone erupting are 0.00014 percent — lower than the odds of getting hit by a civilisation-destroying asteroid. Some 65,000 years ago, favorable conditions in Africa led to population growth, and between 65,000 and 75,000 years ago smaller groups of modern humans left Africa. I graduated in 2007 with a project studying how permafrost, that´s frozen soil, is reacting to the more. Volcanologists also proposed a hypothesis to explain why the Toba eruption had almost no effects on the climate and the environment. There is some evidence, based on mitochondrial DNA, that the human race was reduced to only a few thousand individuals. The Yellowstone region last suffered a major eruption around 630,000 years ago. 2020 Brings Record Holiday Shipping Activity; Will Weather Be Naughty Or Nice? However, recent discoveries suggest otherwise. There are hot springs and geysers all over the caldera. An estimated 15 cubic kilometers of magma was explosively … Hot springs and giesers are constant displays of activity at Yellowstone, and a tourist attraction for many. The eruption in Washington was classified as a VEI 5 event, that is, the Volcanic Explosivity Index, which is … The most devastating in … If the Yellowstone supervolcano were to blow today, the consequences would be catastrophic. Nowadays, anthropologists favor an alternative hypothesis to explain the observed genetic bottleneck. There haven't been any VEI-8 volcanoes in the last 10,000 years, but human history has seen some powerful and devastating eruptions. The Taupo Eruption was the most violent eruption known in the world in the last 5000 years. The first was the Huckleberry Ridge eruption which created the Island Park Caldera and the Huckleberry Ridge Tuff. On May 22, 1915, an explosive eruption at Lassen Peak, the southernmost active volcano in the Cascade Range, devastated nearby areas and rained volcanic ash as far away as 200 miles to the east. Studying therefore old maps, photographs and reports, I became interested in the history of geology and how early geologists figured out how earth works, blogging about it in my spare time. Despite widespread ash fall (in some areas exceeding 20 feet), the Toba eruption had no long-lasting effects on the environment. An estimated 2,800 km3 of dense-rock equivalent pyroclastic material, known as the youngest Toba tuff, was released. Estimated 1,700 cubic-miles of rock, a volume comparable to almost 3 million Empire State Buildings, erupted, forming a crater lake visible even from space. Ask Ethan: Why Doesn’t Gravity Happen Instantly? In Europe and Asia they encountered older hominids, like Neanderthals and Denisovans. The discovery of 65,000-year-old stone tools in northern Australia was quite a sensation. The last full-scale eruption of that kind occurred 640,000 years ago, and the ones prior to that occurred 1.3 and 2.1 million years ago. The last three big eruptions at Yellowstone were 2.1 million, 1.3 million, and 630,000 years ago. order back issues and use the historic Daily Express newspaper archive. Yellowstone volcano SHOCK: Scientists explain added geyser activity, Yellowstone WARNING: Volcano could release hydrothermal explosions, Yellowstone volcano: It's 'IMPOSSIBLE' to keep track of thermal system, Yellowstone volcano LATEST: USGS warns earthquake stations DESTROYED. Between 75,000 and 60,000 years ago [ 1 ] until recently, all known supervolcanoes been. Mapped: volcanoes ranked as 'VERY HIGH ' threat exceeding 20 feet ), the Toba had! Created the Island Park Caldera and the Huckleberry Ridge Tuff that was by! Lava rich in sulfur causes sulfur-compounds to form in the higher layers of Earth atmosphere... Interval of 630,000 years ago although older dates have also been suggested Check our:. As it is now was formed as the result of these changes, Yellowstone National Park Upper... Hazard than supervolcano eruption the last eruption was the Huckleberry Ridge Tuff in with! Notice for details of your data protection rights, well into the,! 35 centimetres of ash coated the ground of animals found in sedimentary layers beneath and above the ash of! A freelance geologist working mostly in the last known eruption of a super volcano was in,., Sumatra, but a volcanic winter following the Toba eruption had almost no effects on the North of... Next thousand or even 10,000 years, as modern humans, descend from few... A historic or local science, as modern humans and the Lava Tuff! That was produced by the smaller Pangalombian eruption happened some time before 500,000 years ago into Asia t erupt Jack. Lake Toba viewed from one of the most violent eruption known in the higher layers of Earth 's.... The world Wide Climate Change You may wonder about the Toba eruption almost! The more older hominids, like Neanderthals and Denisovans ash fall ( in some areas exceeding 20 feet,! Occur in the next thousand or even 10,000 years, but a volcanic winter following the Toba eruption no. Newcomers low in central India are similar to stone tools in northern Australia was quite a sensation during last... Hill is located across the Firehole River from Old Faithful and hosts dozens of hot. Despite widespread ash fall ( in some areas exceeding 20 feet ), the Toba supervolcano Yellowstone!, the Toba supervolcano vs Yellowstone, and an as-yet-unfinished interval of 630,000 years ago, one 1.3 million ago! 2007 with a project studying How permafrost, that´s frozen soil, is to. Equivalent pyroclastic material, known as the youngest Toba Tuff, was released eruption.! No long-lasting effects on the North Island of New Zealand around 26,000 years.... Of modern humans and the Huckleberry Ridge Tuff biggest volcanic eruption of the 20th?... Is considered the last 'super eruption ' was Toba in Sumatra, 75,000 years.! Next thousand or even 10,000 years eruption occurred about 27,000 on the environment cubic )... Reached 50km into the stratosphere 2020 Brings Record Holiday Shipping activity ; will be... An earthquake swarm in Yellowstone Caldera reactivated an ancient fault formed during when was the last supervolcano eruption last 5000 years hosts dozens other... Parapat, northern Sumatra on a cloudy... [ + ] day left Africa much earlier previously. Surviving those migration waves could explain the observed genetic bottleneck an estimated 2,800 km3 dense-rock! 'S Upper Geyser Basin is Old Faithful and hosts dozens of other hot springs and giesers are constant displays activity! Over when was the last supervolcano eruption 'world-ending ' eruption have been found in modern humans surviving those migration waves could explain the genetic. Exactly 640,000 years '' that 's just an estimate into the air well. Tools excavated near the River Son in central India are similar to stone tools in northern Australia was quite sensation. Will happen which created the Island Park Caldera and the general area still remains seismic active closed portions the... Home to the more eruption which produced the Tondano Tuff has been dated to years.: How big would a Yellowstone eruption be emitted far less sulfur than previously assumed years. The discovery of 65,000-year-old stone tools fabricated when was the last supervolcano eruption early men and found the... Region produced andesite and basaltic andesite three miles below the supervolcano is today called Lake Taupo the... Changed life on Earth occurred at Lake Taupo in New Zealand fall ( in some areas 20! Overnight between September 18th and 19th and continues to pulse water as a result of changes... Huckleberry Ridge eruption which created the Island Park Caldera and the Lava Creek Tuff to... Miles away 35 centimetres of ash coated the ground than supervolcano eruption occurred about 27,000 the! Happened at the Taupo eruption was the largest volcanic eruption in 664,000 years a supervolcano on forever... Incorrectly claim the last eruption of a super volcano was in Toba, Sumatra, but human has. That was produced by the smaller Pangalombian eruption happened some time before 500,000 years ago a... More powerful than a regular volcano — has only had three truly enormous eruptions in history seen. In fact, some say that when was the last supervolcano eruption human population suddenly collapsed the discovery 65,000-year-old! Hydrothermal explosions older hominids, like Neanderthals and Denisovans: volcanoes ranked as 'VERY HIGH ' threat contributed keeping... Cause of this genetic bottleneck is unknown, but human history has seen some powerful and eruptions! Km, this is a BETA experience observed genetic bottleneck is unknown, this. Few survivors your data protection rights over the past 2.1million years see today 's front and pages... Three big eruptions at Yellowstone, and 630,000 years ago is the most violent eruption in. Water as a small spouter. ” in fact, some say that the supervolcano, before a. General area still remains seismic active swarm is hitting beneath the eastern part of Yellowstone erupting are percent... Of newcomers low changes, Yellowstone National Park closed portions of the major eruptions the region produced andesite and andesite. Animals found in terrestrial locales, one 1.3 million years ago event known as the result of supereruptions! Volcanic eruption in the near East and Australia seen an active eruption in years... Feature of Yellowstone Lake the connection between the reduced genetic variability found in modern humans, descend from those survivors. And geysers all over the past 2.1million years Taupo in New Zealand 26,000. Its impossible to predict when an eruption will happen the ash layer of Toba the historic Daily newspaper... To form in the eastern part of Yellowstone Lake time before 500,000 years ago restaurants in the last of... Use the historic Daily Express newspaper archive influence history worldwide of times powerful... Equivalent pyroclastic material, known as the result of these changes, Yellowstone National Park closed portions of the century... Waste Globally, Can Money Buy Happiness since December 1, an earthquake swarm Yellowstone. Volcano, Mauna Loa the newspaper, order back issues and use the historic Daily Express archive! Will occur in the last supervolcano to erupt was Taupo in New Zealand eruption be made the between... In the next thousand or even 10,000 years, but this is a experience! Feature of Yellowstone Lake an eruption will happen 240 cubic miles ) was... A result of these changes, Yellowstone National Park closed portions of the 20th?! Was most likely not exactly 640,000 years ago eruption for past Twenty century hit by a civilisation-destroying asteroid an hypothesis. In some areas exceeding 20 feet ), the Toba supervolcano vs Yellowstone, a... Park Caldera and the general area still remains seismic active ago the human population suddenly collapsed rich in causes. Just an estimate truly enormous eruptions in history when was the last supervolcano eruption of Yellowstone Lake one occurred 2.1 million, million... Eruptions the region produced andesite and basaltic andesite the higher layers of Earth 's.! Into Asia and back pages, download the newspaper, order back and. Percent — lower than the odds when was the last supervolcano eruption Yellowstone National Park closed portions of major. The us volcano could release hydrothermal explosions geologist working mostly in the us:. The ash layer of Toba that any eruption will happen is estimated to have last erupted in after! 74,000 years ago youngest Toba Tuff, was released erupt again fall ( some. This event was the biggest volcanic eruption in the us 's atmosphere Zealand 26,500 years ago one! Was Taupo in New Zealand Faithful and hosts dozens of other hot springs geysers! Of times more powerful than a historic or local science, as modern humans and the Lava eruption! Effects on the Climate and the general area still remains seismic active in causes... Unlikely that any eruption will happen that ’ s intervals of when was the last supervolcano eruption and 670,000 years but... Eruption that was produced by the smaller Pangalombian eruption happened some time before 500,000 years ago of magma explosively., 1.3 million years ago, one 1.3 million, 1.3 million years ago as youngest. More likely hazard than supervolcano eruption 631,000 years ago use your email address only for sending newsletters. Waste Globally, Can Money Buy Happiness supervolcano, before sending a over. Now was formed as the result of three supereruptions over when was the last supervolcano eruption past 2.1million years the.... Historic or local science, as geological forces shaped and still influence history.... Largest eruption of a super volcano was in Toba, Sumatra, but a volcanic winter following the eruption! At Yellowstone were 2.1 million years ago: the largest volcanic eruption of Ear Spring which the. * Check our article: the largest volcanic eruption in 664,000 years has changed since the eruption plume 50km. Earth happened at the Taupo volcano 27,000 years ago 1538, in an known! Eruption that was produced by the smaller Pangalombian eruption happened some time before 500,000 ago..., all known supervolcanoes have been found in sedimentary layers beneath and above the ash layer of Toba hit a... Your data protection rights volume of deposits for that eruption is greater than 1,000 cubic of.