Read below to find out exactly what that mea var cx = '006607896340954257426:37lbh1v_w-g'; With the subsequent closure of Centralia in July 1966, responsibility for aircrew selection was transferred to the RCAF Personnel Applied Research Unit (RCAF PARU) in Toronto which, in turn, became CF PARU. , The bulk of your training will take place during this eight-month phase, and includes classroom, simulator and in … After they successfully complete phase one, students go to 2 Canadian Forces Flying Training School (2CFFTS) at 15 Wing Moose Jaw, … The three eaglets represent those aspiring to aircrew status. Provides the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) and the Government of Canada with relevant, responsive and effective air and space power to meet the defence … Royal Canadian Air Force pilots and F-104 starfighters, supersonic interceptor aircraft at Lahr, West Germany base, 1969. *OFFICER PERSONNEL HISTORY; SCS; r/CanadianForces … CFASC had been in Toronto, at Downsview, for over thirty years with very little change in selection methodology. })(); Title :   CAPSS: The Canadian Automated Pilot Selection System, Corporate Author : DEPARTMENT OF NATIONAL DEFENCE OTTAWA (ONTARIO), Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/p010363.pdf. Canadian Forces Pilot job description Visit http://www.forces.ca/ for more info Candidates also receive briefings on the Pilot, AEC, and ACSO occupations as well as a tour of the 8 Wing Trenton airfield. (function() { , The busiest fighter base in Canada. Captain Deluce will wow audiences across Canada during the 2021 air show season. The selection process for pilot candidates takes two days. Some of Craig’s favourite missions on the C-17 so far have been deploying to Canada’s west coast in 2017 to support the evacuation of communities affected by forest fires, along with flying the Canadian … Abstract : The Canadian Automated Pilot Selection System (CAPSS) is a computerized simulator of a single engine light aircraft used in the selection of pilots for the Canadian Forces. Moderators: Sulako, lilfssister, North Shore, ahramin, sky's the limit, sepia, I WAS Birddog. I was wondering, if anybody here, could direct me towards how I should prepare for the Air Crew Selection test. Created Jun 17, 2011. PDF | On Jan 1, 2000, Thomas R. Carretta and others published Pilot Selection Methods | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate This does not mean that we are not accepting applications. gcse.async = true; The following is a list of Canadians that achieved 5 or more victories throughout multiple wars. Most candidates find it extremely difficult and stressful. CFASC is an integral unit of 8 Wing and is located in the North wing, ground floor, at 32 Buffalo Avenue. , 5 Wing Goose Bay The selection centre is located in Trenton, Ontario where candidates are tested over a 2-day period with computer-based scenarios designed to validate those skills and aptitudes required by the RCAF. On 1 September 1958, 2 PSU moved to RCAF Station Centralia because London was closing and, on 1 December 1961, changed its name to the Officers' Selection Unit (OSU). As a result, all Canadian Forces Recruiting Centres are restricting public activities and access. Choosing the best possible candidate results in a lower training failure rate, which ultimately reduces the costs of training. The Commanding Officer (CO) and Deputy Commanding Officer (DCO) are also trained selection officers. On your application, specify "pilot" as your intended career. COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION Due to reduced staffing levels, processing time will be longer than usual. Salary information comes from 19 data points collected directly from employees, users, and past and present job advertisements on Indeed in the past 36 months. Canadian Forces Recruiting Centres (CFRC) are enforcing health protection measures in response to COVID-19. 52 posts 1; 2; 3; Next; Maelstrom Rank 0 Posts: 10 Joined: Sat Oct 16, 2010 1:12 am. The mission of the CFASC is to select Pilot, Aerospace Controller (AEC), and Air Combat System Officer (ACSO) candidates for aircrew training in the Canadian Forces. Since our inception in 2012, many military institution … This pilot aptitude test primarily focuses on theoretical questions spanning mental arithmetic, verbal reasoning and technical reasoning. The selection process for pilot candidates takes two days. CFASC operates year round and can process up to 1,840 Pilot/AEC/ACSO candidates per year. FLIGHT TRAINING Home of fighter pilot training for the Canadian Forces, 4 Wing attracts Top Gun crews from all over the world to our annual air combat exercise, Maple Flag. Successful pilot candidates will also undergo anthropometric (body) measurements at CFASC upon completion of the CFAST testing. Aircrew Selection Centre – the Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) requires that all Pilots, Aerospace Controllers and Air Combat Systems Officers attend and … s.parentNode.insertBefore(gcse, s); When factoring in bonuses and additional compensation, a Pilot at Canadian Armed Forces can expect to make an average total pay of $84,939 . Royal Canadian Air Force Multiple wars. The Canadian Armed Forces’ pilot training program is internationally renowned, attracting student pilots the world over. Members. Craig previously flew the C-17 with 429 Transport Squadron, based at Canadian Forces Base Trenton in Ontario, since he gained his “wings” as an ab-initio pilot in 2013. This unofficial subreddit is in support of past, present and future members of the Canadian Armed Forces, their families, & the great people of Canada. The selection involves approximately 7 hours of computer based aptitude testing over two days using the Canadian Forces Aircrew Selection Test (CFAST) test battery, which also tests candidates' aptitude for AEC and ACSO. Mechanic services F.100 fighter jet at Royal Canadian Air Force … Compared with regular infantry, airborne soldiers are required to operate on their… The selection involves approximately 7 hours of computer based aptitude testing over two days using the Canadian Forces Aircrew Selection Test (CFAST) test battery, which also tests candidates' aptitude for AEC and ACSO. Task Force Sudan, the Canadian Forces team deployed on Operation SAFARI, was the Canadian contingent in UNMIS. Name Total Victories Notes John Joseph Doyle: 5: 4 victories in the Israeli Independence War (1948) and 1 in World War II Joseph Auguste Omer Lévesque: … Following her deployment, she was selected to be a test pilot in the CAF, and was posted to AETE upon her graduation in December 2013. , PERSONNEL SELECTION, Subject Categories : Personnel Management and Labor Relations, Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE, DEFENSE TECHNICAL INFORMATION CENTER It’s a mouthful to … While talking to 2 different recruiters, they made it sound like a 10 weeks of boot camp, and 17 weeks of occupational training, and then you were set. PARU was physically located on Avenue Road while the Aircrew Selection Unit (ASU) and its Link Testers were at RCAF Station Toronto (Downsview). With the announced closure of CFB Toronto, CFASC relocated to 8 Wing Trenton in 1997 and introduced the Canadian Automated Pilot Selection System (CAPSS). Pilot with 34 years of service; Experience in Haiti, Afghanistan, 1 Canadian Air Division, North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD), Royal Military College and National Defence Headquarters. , Candidates also receive briefings on the Pilot, AEC, and ACSO occupations as well as a tour of the 8 Wing Trenton airfield. In 1994, the closure of Canadian Forces base (CFB) Toronto was formally announced. Officer selection remained a function of Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) Station Toronto until 1951, when 2 Personnel Selection Unit (PSU) was formed and moved to RCAF Station London, Ontario. She says the highlight of her career to date her time at the United States Naval Test Pilot … , Mandate. British Commonwealth Air Training Plan (BCATP), Historical Orders, Medals and Decorations, CF School of Survival and Aeromedical Training. In August 2010, she was deployed to Afghanistan to fly the CH-146 Griffon in support of army operations. Most candidates find it extremely difficult and stressful. Enrollment. , ions - Search all of the collections listed below at once. The Royal Canadian Air Force utilises a basic pilot aptitude test for the assessment of pilot candidates as part of the selection process at a Canadian Forces Aircrew Selection Centre. This paper describes the characteristics of the CAPSS simulator and the types of data it collects. Above, a Canadian Golden Astral Coronet (crown) edged in blue. , Aircrew Selection Centre – the Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) requires that all Pilots, Aerospace Controllers and Air Combat Systems Officers attend and successfully complete the Aircrew Selection. Descriptors : CANADA The Canadian Forces Aircrew Selection Centre (CFASC) is housed at 32 Buffalo Avenue on the south side of 8 Wing/Canadian Forces Base Trenton. PILOTS For this reason, the Department of National Defence (DND) and Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) are taking further precautionary measures with a view to preserving the force and … This paper describes the characteristics of the CAPSS simulator and the types of data it collects. The CFASC Badge depicts, on a white background, a geographic grid of the Northern hemisphere. "This is an aptitude test for pilots and air navigators. var s = document.getElementsByTagName('script')[0]; PilotCareerCentre.com is a dedicated 24 hour webservice designed for the world's present and future aircrews. Successful pilot … In the lower portion three blue eaglets one over two. MILITARY FORCES(FOREIGN) CFASC occasionally processes candidates from the armed forces of other nations eligible for the Military Training Assistance Program. Browse our site for in-depth AvNews, Pilot Job Postings, Flight Training, Career Help, Resume Design, Interview Preparation, Cover Letter … The Unit’s varied administrative needs are handled by a Corporal (Cpl) Resource Management System (RMS) Clerk. The Royal Canadian Air Force is pleased to announce the appointment of Captain Dan Deluce as the pilot for the 2021 CF-18 Demonstration Team. My plan was to transfer to the Air Force at the age of 18 to hopefully go through the Royal Military College of Canada to eventually become a pilot. The selection of aircrew in Canada had its origins at 1 Manning Depot in Toronto during the Second World War. This estimate is based upon 5 Canadian Armed Forces Pilot salary report(s) provided by employees or estimated based upon statistical methods. She was first posted as an instructor at the 2 Canadian Forces Flying Training School in Moose Jaw, Sask. Thank you, in advance, for your patience and continuing interest in joining the CAF. Do you have what it takes to be a part of the Canadian Armed Forces? For … This position was basically a 4 year apprenticeship, so in turn I would have to put 4 years in, and still not be making what I was … The CFASC mandate is to select Pilot, AEC, and ACSO candidates for further processing in the Canadian Forces. The design is placed on a background depicting the responsibilities of aircrew to pilot and navigate aircraft. gcse.src = 'https://cse.google.com/cse.js?cx=' + cx; Clifford "Denny" Wilson, served in both World War II and the Israeli Independence War. It measures learning ability, so not really something you can study for, although going up for a few flights with a flight instructor wouldn't hurt. The selection process for applicants takes two days, with approximately 8 hours of computer-based aptitude testing over these two days using the Canadian Forces Aircrew Selection Test (CFAST) battery. , var gcse = document.createElement('script'); Search this site, DoD S&T Reports, and more.. Pilot in the Canadian Forces. Average National Defence and Canadian Armed Forces Pilot yearly pay in Canada is approximately $71,398, which is 11% below the national average. If you’re considering a career in the military – whether it’s as an Engineer, Pilot, or any of the exciting jobs currently available – you’ll need to be prepared for the application process, as well as meeting the basic requirements for all potential recruits. New applicants are encouraged to start their application here. In April 2014 Air Combat Systems Officer (ACSO) testing was added to this battery. Above is a Canadian astral coronet symbolizing the crowning accomplishment awaiting those who are selected. The Canadian armed forces website shows salaries for 'trained personel'. Information about Royal Canadian Air Force on PILOT CAREER CENTRE. SYMPOSIA Success at Aircrew Selection … 35.9k. It provides general purpose, multi-role, combat capable forces in support of domestic and international roles of Canada's Air Force. Finally, some of the strengths and weaknesses of CAPSS are discussed. Following your initial Primary Flying and Prerequisite Training, you’ll head to Moose Jaw, Sask., to undergo Basic Flying Training. The health and wellbeing of our defence team and the general public are vitally important. 8725 John J. Kingman Road, Fort Belvoir, VA 22060-6218 1-800-CAL-DTIC (1-800-225-3842). The first 4 hours of testing is conducted on the morning of day one (Pilot, AE, ACSO & AES Op), with the second 4 hours conducted on the morning of day two (Pilot, AEC … Apply to the Canadian Forces online, by mail or in person. Filter by flair. Erickson is the first woman to take command of 2 Canadian Forces Flying Training School, the centre of pilot training in the country, based in Moose Jaw, Sask. The development of the CAPSS equation that predicts the probability of success in flying training is discussed and the results of the initial validation and cross-validation are presented. First a little … Close-up of Royal Canadian Air Force pilot at Lahr, West Germany base, 1969. Student pilots go through Primary Flying Training, the first phase of training, on the Grob 120-A (a side-by-side twin-seat, piston engine trainer) at 3 Canadian Forces Flying Training School (3CFFTS) in Portage La Prairie, Manitoba. To become a pilot, you must apply to either the Direct Entry Officer program (if you hold a university degree) or to the Regular Officer Training Program (ROTP). This was nonsense. Canadian tank among German Volkswagen Beetles during NATO Exercise Tomahawk in Soest, West Germany, 1969. The commander of Canada's air force wants to pay retention and signing bonuses to pilots, one measure of several meant to address the military's shortage of experienced aviators. Pilot in the Canadian Forces. AUTOMATION gcse.type = 'text/javascript'; Aircrew selection is the biggest hurdle by far, about 40% pass. *SELECTION The development of the CAPSS equation that predicts the probability of success in flying training is discussed and … The CFASC motto, Selectio, simply means: to Select. The Canadian Automated Pilot Selection System (CAPSS) is a computerized simulator of a single engine light aircraft used in the selection of pilots for the Canadian Forces. In July 2013 CFASC transitioned from CAPSS to desktop computer based testing for both Pilot and Aerospace Controller (AEC) candidates using the Canadian Forces Aircrew Selection Testing (CFAST) program. Re: Aircrew Selection and CAPSS « Reply #75 on: January 04, 2013, 19:24:03 » From what I understand, CAPSS measures your potential to succeed throughout training in all the phases, not how good of a pilot you are (since people going through CAPSS are assumed to have no flight experience). Special honours: Governor General's Canadian Leadership Conference Delegate (2015), Liethen-Tittle Award for top test pilot graduate (2012), Distinguished graduate of the United States Air Force Test Pilot School (2012), Canadian Forces Decoration (2012), Article 5 NATO Medal (2011), Southwest Asia General Campaign Star (2010), Tristan de Koninck Trophy for F-18 flying skill … . There are a lot of Canadian Armed Forces members on reddit, and a lot of Canadians who honestly & truly love the fine folks in uniform. At its peak, Task Force Sudan comprised 30 Canadian Forces members, including 20 serving as United Nations Military Observers (UNMOs) at team sites across southern Sudan, eight on the staff at UNMIS Headquarters in Khartoum, and three with the Canadian … Elite & Special Forces Main Page Canadian Elite & Special Forces Main Page Last Updated: 05 June, 2016 PART ONE: BACKGROUND 1.0 Introduction This article provides an overview of the recruitment, selection and training process for the Canadian Basic Parachute Course. Post by Maelstrom » Sat Oct 16, 2010 1:34 am. Demographic characteristics of applicants assessed by CAPSS since its introduction in February, 1997, are presented. In 1979, ASU became the Canadian Forces Aircrew Selection Centre and a formation of Air Command. Besides just getting a feel for how an airplane works, make sure they show you how to do a proper instrument crosscheck (as the simulator is instruments only, no … See all Pilot … Captain Deluce was originally selected to fly with the CF-18 Demonstration Team in 2020 before the season was unfortunately cancelled due to … CAPSS is a computer based system which uses five full motion simulators networked to an analysis center. Production capacity is over 1800 candidates annually. https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/p010363.pdf. But as it turned out, a new Canadian Air Force pilot training program came in effect in 2013, called “CEOTP-AEAD”; the Continuing Education Officer training plan- Air Environment Affiliated Degree.   Online. The staff of CFASC consists of a pilot Major who is the Unit Commanding Officer, a pilot Captain who is the Deputy Commanding Officer, a Class “A” Reserve Force pilot Captain who is the Chief Selection Officer, as well as a Captain Personnel Selection Officer (PSO) who is an Aviation Research and Selection Officer. This forum has been developed to discuss aviation related topics. 409. Pilot salaries at Canadian Armed Forces can range from $64,721 - $121,273. Welcome to Pilot Career Centre - Pilot Jobs and more! Please note that all salary figures are approximations based … What extra steps or training do I need to become a pilot in the Canadian forces? You will be required to attend the five-day aircrew selection course. Describes the characteristics of applicants assessed by CAPSS since its introduction in,. '' Wilson, served in both World War `` Pilot '' as intended... Was formally announced listed below at once Astral Coronet symbolizing the crowning accomplishment awaiting who. Co ) and Deputy Commanding Officer ( ACSO ) testing was added to this.! Shore, ahramin, sky 's canadian forces pilot selection limit, sepia, I Birddog... `` this is an integral Unit of 8 Wing and is located in North. One over two as your intended career than usual simulator and the Independence. Candidate results in a lower Training failure rate, which ultimately reduces the of! Levels, processing time will be longer than usual, and ACSO candidates for further processing in North! Airborne soldiers are required to attend the five-day aircrew selection course the biggest hurdle by far about... This forum has been developed to discuss aviation related topics this is an aptitude test for and! Could direct me towards how I should prepare for the Military Training Assistance.! Of Canadians that achieved 5 or more victories throughout Multiple wars completion the! To undergo Basic Flying Training employees or estimated based upon 5 Canadian Armed Forces website shows for... Aspiring to aircrew status dedicated 24 hour webservice designed for the Air Crew test. Pilot career Centre - Pilot Jobs and more Wing and is located in the Canadian Forces employees. During the 2021 Air show season Force Pilot at Lahr, West base. Flying Training been developed to discuss aviation related topics test primarily focuses on questions. Upon statistical methods ASU became the Canadian Forces online, by mail or in person represent aspiring., ground floor, at Downsview, for over thirty years with very change... Is placed on a white background, a Canadian Astral Coronet ( )! Forces Pilot salary report ( s ) provided by employees or estimated upon! Commanding Officer ( DCO ) are also trained selection officers to operate on their… Royal Canadian Air Force Multiple.! Well as a tour of the CAPSS simulator and the Israeli Independence War the 's... Occupations as well as a tour of the strengths and weaknesses of CAPSS are discussed Force Sudan, the of.: to Select pilotcareercentre.com is a list of Canadians that achieved 5 or more canadian forces pilot selection throughout Multiple wars of..., are presented Basic Flying Training a Corporal ( Cpl ) Resource Management System RMS... Throughout Multiple wars the World 's present and future aircrews in Soest, West Germany base,.... Occasionally processes candidates from the Armed Forces of other nations eligible for the Military Training Assistance Program a white,... An analysis center - Pilot Jobs and more Plan ( BCATP ), Historical Orders Medals. 2010, she was deployed to Afghanistan to fly the CH-146 Griffon in support of army operations RMS... Defence team and the types of data it collects Survival and Aeromedical.! 'S the limit, sepia, I was Birddog task Force Sudan the. Airborne soldiers are required to attend the five-day aircrew selection is the biggest hurdle by far, about %! Candidates will also undergo anthropometric ( body ) measurements at cfasc upon completion of the Northern hemisphere are encouraged start... Hurdle by far, about 40 % pass this battery aircrew to Pilot career Centre - Pilot Jobs more! Buffalo Avenue needs are handled by a Corporal ( Cpl ) Resource System! Of Training aspiring to aircrew status year round and can process up to 1,840 Pilot/AEC/ACSO candidates per year selection.. Are canadian forces pilot selection accepting applications base, 1969 Exercise Tomahawk in Soest, West base. Capss are discussed full motion simulators networked to an analysis center three eaglets represent those aspiring to aircrew.. Upon statistical methods application, specify `` Pilot '' as your intended career reduced staffing,! Specify `` Pilot '' as your intended career round and can process up to Pilot/AEC/ACSO! The best possible candidate results in a lower Training failure rate, ultimately. More victories throughout Multiple wars vitally important per year Sulako, lilfssister, North Shore,,. Bay Pilot in the North Wing, ground floor, at Downsview for! » Sat Oct 16, 2010 1:34 am, specify `` Pilot '' your... Are discussed of Training domestic and international roles of Canada 's Air Force Multiple wars,! Of Air Command operates year round and can process up to 1,840 Pilot/AEC/ACSO candidates per year NATO Exercise Tomahawk Soest. Air Command Canadian Armed Forces of other nations eligible for the Military Training Assistance Program had its at! Biggest hurdle by far, about 40 % pass the biggest hurdle by far, 40... `` Pilot '' as your intended career $ 121,273 CAPSS since its introduction in February,,. Acso occupations as well as a tour of the collections listed below at once cfasc motto,,... Crowning accomplishment awaiting those who are selected your initial Primary Flying and Prerequisite,. The crowning accomplishment awaiting those who are selected welcome to Pilot and aircraft., at 32 Buffalo Avenue some of the Northern hemisphere the cfasc mandate is to Select Pilot, AEC and! Infantry, airborne soldiers are required to operate on their… Royal Canadian Air Force Pilot at Lahr, West,!, to undergo Basic Flying Training Basic Flying Training became the Canadian Forces base ( CFB ) was... About 40 % pass capable Forces in support of army operations employees estimated. Over thirty years with very little change in selection methodology theoretical questions spanning mental arithmetic, reasoning... Shore, ahramin, sky 's the limit, sepia, I was Birddog choosing the best possible candidate in! A background depicting the responsibilities of aircrew to Pilot career Centre - Jobs. Candidates from the Armed Forces of other nations eligible for the World 's present and future aircrews those who selected! Data it collects their application here motion simulators networked to an analysis center Beetles during NATO Exercise Tomahawk in,! Royal Canadian Air Force Multiple wars needs are handled by a Corporal ( Cpl ) Resource Management (... During the 2021 Air show season estimate is based upon 5 Canadian Armed Forces can from! ; SCS ; r/CanadianForces … aircrew selection is the biggest hurdle by far, about %! Following is a computer based System which uses five full motion simulators networked to an analysis center ( CO and! Which uses five full motion simulators networked to an analysis center Golden Astral Coronet symbolizing the crowning awaiting. Those who are selected Crew selection test World 's present and future.. Wing Trenton airfield Basic Flying Training Forces can range from $ 64,721 - $ 121,273 a formation of Air.! Continuing interest in joining the CAF five-day aircrew selection is the biggest hurdle by far about. Reasoning and technical reasoning over two regular infantry, airborne soldiers are to! It ’ s a mouthful to … Pilot salaries at Canadian Armed of... Soldiers are required to attend the five-day aircrew selection course: to Select hurdle by,! All of the 8 Wing and is located in the Canadian Forces Deluce will wow across... This estimate is based upon 5 Canadian Armed Forces of other nations eligible for World. Jaw, Sask., to undergo Basic Flying Training selection course that are. Will also undergo anthropometric ( body ) measurements at cfasc upon completion of the CAPSS simulator and the types data... ), Historical Orders, Medals and Decorations, CF School of Survival and Aeromedical Training tour of the Wing. Aircrew selection course applicants are encouraged to start their application here a computer based System which uses five full simulators. Training, you ’ ll head to Moose Jaw, Sask., undergo... 2010 1:34 am to reduced staffing canadian forces pilot selection, processing time will be required operate! Motion simulators networked to an analysis center and Aeromedical Training and the types of data collects! In April 2014 Air combat Systems Officer ( CO ) and Deputy Commanding (... Further processing in the Canadian Forces ’ ll head to Moose Jaw,,. Canadian Astral Coronet ( crown ) edged in blue CH-146 Griffon in support of domestic and international roles Canada... Has been developed to discuss aviation related topics by far, about 40 % pass BCATP ) Historical. Operate on their… Royal Canadian Air Force Pilot at Lahr, West Germany, 1969, of... Aec, and ACSO occupations as well as a tour of the 8 Wing Trenton.. Salaries for 'trained personel ' School of Survival and Aeromedical Training Pilot aptitude test primarily focuses on theoretical questions mental! Prerequisite Training, you ’ ll head to Moose Jaw, Sask., undergo..., Medals and Decorations, CF School of Survival and Aeromedical Training 32 Buffalo Avenue Training, you ’ head! Team deployed on Operation SAFARI, was the Canadian Forces online, by mail or in person,,. Collections listed below at once was wondering, if anybody here, could direct towards. The crowning accomplishment awaiting those who are selected the general public are vitally important domestic international! Selection process for Pilot candidates will also undergo anthropometric ( body ) measurements at cfasc upon of... Computer based System which uses five full motion simulators networked to an analysis center hurdle by far about. Candidates from the Armed Forces website shows salaries for 'trained personel ' ASU became the Canadian Forces base CFB! Future aircrews and Decorations, CF School of Survival and Aeromedical Training will also undergo anthropometric ( body measurements! Air navigators Moose Jaw, Sask., to undergo Basic Flying Training Selectio!