Stephano – a servant of Portia 9. Print. Here Shylock is stuck between a rock and a hard place. Teach your students to analyze literature like LitCharts does. 102) This passage from the Duke pleas Shylock for a “gentle” answer. To fulfill that love, he assists Bassano in his own quest to pursue love. Get Your Custom Essay Sample. And earthly power doth then show likest God’s He was looked at by Christians as a violent and corrupt individual. ��R�t���ʣ %��4�(n�ϜȊ�%�d �]>LEr��a�t��u�=��yqsI���Fo��*�m�-&� OFA�m1w~Mc ����< �ĥ;�p�{�q��pf �^XG���]�R��;���ݻ �fi���ĉ/�n{z�d���Y�Ŗؾ���;��4���Z�#} ]uvv�z8�O���w!,Q�M����w�U��8�"�ٍ�fL�&�tB��p:,�nQ3ߺD��T�^��8q�q LL��hW�Dv����4H��Iò�,x��~�4AcF��p�}&S�W{�ջ�gMP�Is�n�7���@�� (z3����$��,�0Kۛ�P#%�K}�����4��.��2���Z�.�$�A/��,��qww;��I��8��,�͑P��NKbS}���c�|�\,W�jo�sg�e �^-+v?^����Pd�[����1O�H���������(Q��=uC�O�x��u�Ab�)���;"���I%2r6���v��g�/��>�S{�ݱ&u���Ƃz��5A�� �lm�V��Zb�~�SS����n����K2�����cnn����� s�s�(ׯx�{J]��4d�̅fs��#*Ǡ����&��# ��� %(�G:�I_�9�g�2�Φ��H��47��_���‹N��_���..���,��� ��䢤���h_Cpv��ze�I�:�Ld��vK�ޫ\�3��-cI�*�VT��LD�W9�ZmZ��jb.+���� ,. The court scene where Shylock goes to complete the sentence of his bond is where he will be introduced to the conflict of justice and mercy. =�&��BЖL���s �3�X(�t7�G&;�'@v��������3��V�ui �t�qg�պ��m��]T�L�p��o�����u�{�n^��@@�9џR���V��L�e~A�f�҉�ufR��>\Cnu�����v�";�Cux�'A8�"���;1co� �V��D��&���m�����1����,0Y3�1�aԎ�I�U��e"�"b��Q����3�AjB5*W�)jN�����=^{�{��L��h5l ��}��������8l8(]�{I� H�ݡ��r�t�ނƝ�鹥ϕ9�!�j���!N��]rQ3�͝����e;�M��^T�� �m!��瀎-�~��s�Q�s���=��z��V>-�jQL�Ht�$\���BC�B��b0�?� �nP#��}ˍ�Ρa�yA�ӝB�jw�S���}*SA�PS�K�.�h�>�sJ�<3���~�8o/���e�]'���"���4�[մ�:iVÝk¯��~��GMp����u}�z���G.�V���E� �H�+ธr��q"/�X L��Q�Ӫ����1Q �W۸�$Z�:��.�� In the “Merchant of Venice,” “a Christian ethic of generosity, love, and risk-taking friendship is set in pointed contrast with a non-Christian ethic that is seen, from a Christian point of view, as grudging, resentful, and self-calculating.” (Bevington, pg. Print. But mercy is above this sceptred sway, |�&����K�W�7�����5%ͼfwU1n�iQ�\}v����y����J�GK��p�2�,��oX*`���X�W|/�R�" The bond does say he can have a pound of flesh, however a pound it has to be exact. William Shakespeare is often referred as the greatest Scriptwriter ever. Act four-scene one, is another area in which Christianity as well as the New Testament is applied. It is an attribute to God himself: A major theme in the Merchant of Venice is mercy. Religion is one of the main theme in the merchant of Venice and it plays a big role in the play. �_��Dbƾ˺��������g��v�媮�����U�ժ͕�p�\+כ~����_�j�˰��װ���{Fdy}�$����_Y��Tv76f��;�iܟ�I��(�� Balthazar – a servant of Portia 8. Different characters have different religions. Shylock’s need for justice and strict adherence to the law parallels the Old Testament greatly and in a Christian point of view, it was at his disadvantage. However, Antonio interjects and bargains that Shylock should live if he turn a Christian. He is sad because he lacks love. LitCharts Teacher Editions. The Venetians in The Merchant of Venice almost uniformly express extreme intolerance of Shylock and the other Jews in Venice. The drama of The Merchant of Venice is a legendary comedy, ... has nothing to do with the dogmas of religion, but with the effects of religion as realized in daily life. "�6̫ÌZ{v%n IxĮ��#/g+@���D��?� F���ń�M;U:���CqQF��O~���LT�ja�!��s l`pCYi_�X��v�g�� �x��j����\H5]w��M��4���J���єOE��]����w�a���*���ڳ�˲��]�r,�磐#5p�I�g^�t̅�(�;%�_o���L�� H*��7�%��>�ˉ~�Nc�|��U(f����B��elC���#�Zl��(#uY`�J�>���S6zi�ϲ��(�c�M�i+�o$���i�!> �����a �|K�>XU��=�O��'�K��"n�E�+Ljs1\o�܎7�Iґ��xèe�%Z�l The Harmonies of The Merchant of Venice. “He rigidly adheres to his “bond”, in strict accordance with the Mosaic principle of “an eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth.” (Swisher, pg. Lorenzo – friend of Antonio and Bassanio, in love with Jessica; Christian 5. Also, Christians of the time looked at Jews with negativity. ��P�W�wq��ay���2C����"����Mq*X` ��T�f^�)���YДpLm ��LS2�C��0��G��mE׀�r���+�'{��wo�-r���z����V��� 6�g��S���E��l�Ї��_z+�w����k��,H�/]���2X��\��`�߉K����y�0m�.M2�� Since Shylock has gone forth with his bond, it is by Venetian law “if it be proved against an alien that by direct or indirect attempts he seek the life of any citizen, the party ‘gainst the which he doth contrive shall seize one half his goods; the other half comes to the privy coffer of the state, and the offender’s life lies in the mercy of the duke only, ‘gainst all other voice” (4.1.347-354) In this case a Jew, who has attempted murder onto a citizen shall be tried himself. 71). The first example we see this is in 1: 3 when Shylock reveals his hatred for Antonio for his religion, Christianity. 70) Shylock goes forth to all extent, refusing double the amount of ducats owed to him as long as he has his bond. Without the Anti-Semitic views, the elopement plot and the bond plot would not be in existence. Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this The Merchant of Venice study guide. On the surface, the main difference between the Christiancharacters and Shylock appears to be that the Christian charactersvalue human relationships over business ones, whereas Shylock isonly interested in money. To answer the question “Is the play a plea for religious tolerance?” in short, I would say ‘No’. The divine nature of mercy is yet another one of the driving themes of the play. Rather, modern critics call the play ‘Anti-Semitic‘, i.e., against the Jews.Shylock, … Here in this play The Merchant of Venice Shakespeare portrays two main characters for the two edges as Shylock represents his religion Judaism, on the other hand, his enemy Antonio is presented as a representative of Christianity. This has never been done before The Merchant of Venice was written in 1600’s and on that time there was discrimination especially “anti-Semitism” against Jews. The Merchant of Venice is structured partly on the contrast between idealistic and realistic opinions about society and relationships. While marriage customs have changed over the years, Shakespearian critics, when arguing “The Merchant of Venice”, agree that racism and religious intolerance are blaring principles when examining the marriages of Portia and Bassanio and Jessica and Lorenzo. {�+r�=VH.g�6uF�f�,�˲j*k�E�@�� �^E3("+aT�̯��PwZ�r����r��Y�v ^�2��RC�ˡ`�rÜο8��kCIW�-ɦ����T��*�j�o�A���zl�咟:d0� �w��H����9��IX?�-Pcgg�l�n�vV�lv���4�Ba-ny���L�u]�E)�ȉ�榥Z#i��� ����m*\��r�+�ƭ6����M�N�袽u�T� ����� H�]�����NMdW���l9��#ޞ�0�M��]���`�}gM=�0C�ͅe�.KEj&�B�-��E]����9��\��3檔���X�u9�:�*l��}qt�Z[��vm�M�TNv�[��[x�$軔XZ8�)�W��!`���d~Qގ�'��U����V����j�B�)xNL{�^�_b�����v5�r\:���?��е����r�J~�|��Sv�Y��:#�6. This reinforced bondage reflects Antonio’s selflessness, God-like quality, and most importantly Christian morality. The plot of The Merchant of Venice has been described as a great commentary on the nature of racial and religious interactions. First, we see Antonio, a soft-hearted and morose Christian gentleman whose riches cannot provide him the fulfillment that others deem appropriate. The Christian characters certainly viewthe matter this way. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 1999. ����. The story of a Jew who wants a pound of Christian flesh may have its roots in these fantasies of Jews violating Christian bodies.” (Mowat, pg. ��{��D���8����|������uY���&-��٧A Religion motivated action and reasoning. Mowat, Barbara A., and Paul Werstine. The drama Merchant of Venice by William Shakespeare was first printed in 1600 in quarto, of which nineteen copies survived. Bassanio – Antonio's friend, in love with Portia, mostly interested in her money; Christian 3. The New Testament which embodies grace, mercy, and forgiveness. Instead of lending money interest-free he applies collateral and conditions to the bond. The majority of stories have a hero or heroine, as does "the merchant of Venice" by William Shakespeare, in some ways most of the main characters, bar Shylock, could be perceived as a hero. The Merchant of Venice The Merchant of Venice Themes T he main themes in The Merchant of Venice are greed, love and mercy, and materialism. Shylock who had nothing to do with Christ’s death still had to suffer Christian stereotypes and discrimination. The bond’s fine print expresses that if Antonio cannot fulfill his debt to Shylock, Shylock will receive a pound of Antonio’s flesh. �gd����]��2װe��|H�nhMjzݾ�9��c2J�o�ﹾ�l_��E�w��9���� �0�F:*�@{e�I��~�qF ���HmA���T�� s�� In the courtroom scene of Act 4, scene 1, both the Duke and Portia present mercy as a better alternative to the pursuit of either law or revenge. It is the court scene where we are confronted with Christian values and how it played a significant role in Venetian courts and most importantly in Shylock’s fate. The following academic paper highlights the up-to-date issues and questions of The Bond The Merchant Of Venice. Instead of taking his life, Antonio is seen through Elizabethan eyes to have given Shylock mercy, forgiveness, and a chance to live. According to Jessica, “I shall be saved by my husband. Religion was a major factor in a number of Shakespeare’s plays. 76) This act of usury in the eyes of Christianity is considered sinful, immoral and inhumane. Calderwood, James L. Essays in Shakespearean Criticism. @ٞ�~ s0���~�!��X+ţ �O����"`z��Eɭ���O�`�N�,~�%�l��ǰ��K�(���� � ����� ���o�[24#�-z����ae}�UA5�$XkG� . Assuming Shylock should turn Christian, this image hints conversion from the Old to the New Testament. \�;J~nc�@� In The Merchant of Venice, Judaism and Christianity aren't just religions—they're constructed as racial (and even national) identities as well. Shylock is representative of the Old Testament. Shylock while attempting to cut off a pound of Antonio’s flesh is reminded by Portia of conditions that he has missed. The main religions in this play is Christianity and Judaism. Shylock is expected to show mercy when he is never shown any by the ruling class. Religion was a major factor in a number of Shakespeare’s plays. Haven't Found an Essay You Want? the Christianity and the Judaism. His scepter shows the force of temporal power, Thus doing so will spare Antonio’s life. God gives mercy and those who can wholeheartedly give mercy is God-like. “This was a punishment from Shylock’s point of view, … but from Antonio’s point of view, it also gave to Shylock a chance of eternal joy.” Antonio here believes Shylock can be saved. Wherin doth sit the dread and fear of kinds: As the Jewish representation of Venice, Shylock, “as a usurer, refuses to lend money interest-free in the name of friendship.” (Bevington, pg. Perhaps, Portia here also tries to provide mercy onto Shylock himself. Bevington, David. The main religions in this play is Christianity and Judaism. Merchant Of Venice Shylock Character Analysis. Explore the different themes within William Shakespeare's comedic play, The Merchant of Venice.Themes are central to understanding The Merchant of Venice as a play and identifying Shakespeare's social and political commentary.. If Jessica were Christian, Shylock would have embraced the marriage of Lorenzo and Jessica. 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